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Italy is a developed democracy with a modern economy. The Holy See is a sovereign entity that serves as the ecclesiastical, governmental and administrative capital of the Roman Catholic Church, physically located within the State of the Vatican City inside Rome, with a unique, non-traditional economy. San Marino is a developed, constitutional democratic republic, also independent of Italy, with a modern economy. Tourist facilities are widely available.

Read the Department of State Background Notes on Italy, the Holy See, and San Marino for additional information.


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Image of Italy
Country Name: Italy
Continent: Europe
Capital City: Rome
Boundary Countries:

Austria, France, Holy See (Vatican City), San Marino, Slovenia, Switzerland

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Naples:  Clinica Mediterranea, Columbus Hospital
Rome:  Concordia Hospital, European Hospital, Ospedale Bambino Gesu, Rome American Hospital

Main Cities:

Rome, Naples, Milan, Florence, Venice, Genoa, Palermo

Country Size: 301,230 sq km
Population: 58,057,477



Italian (official), German (parts of the Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German-speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

Currency: Euro (EUR)
Predominant Religions:

approximately 90% Roman Catholic (about one-third regularly attend services); mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community

National Holidays: Republic Day, 2 June (1946)
Economic Status:

Italy is a developed democracy with a modern economy.  The Holy See is a sovereign entity that serves as the ecclesiastical, governmental and administrative capital of the Roman Catholic Church, physically located within the State of the Vatican City inside Rome, with a unique, non-traditional economy.  San Marino is a developed, constitutional democratic republic, also independent of Italy, with a modern economy.


Army (Esercito Italiano, EI), Navy (Marina Militare Italiana, MMI), Air Force (Aeronautica Militare Italiana, AMI), Carabinieri Corps (Corpo dei Carabinieri, CC)

US Presence:
U.S. Embassy Rome
via Vittorio Veneto 121
00187 Roma
Phone: (+39) 06.46741
U.S. Consulate General Florence
Lungarno Vespucci, 38
50123 Firenze
Phone: (+39) 055.266.951
U.S. Consulate General Milan
via Principe Amedeo, 2/10
20121 MILANO
Phone: (+39) 02.290351
U.S. Consulate General in Naples
Piazza della Repubblica
80122 NAPOLI
Phone: (+39) 081.583.8111
Document Requirements:

Italy is a party to the Schengen agreement. As such, U.S. citizens may enter Italy for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa. The passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. For further details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen Fact sheet.

For all other purposes, a visa is required and must be obtained from the Italian Embassy or Consulates before entering Italy. For further information concerning visas and entry requirements for Italy, travelers may contact the Embassy of Italy at 3000 Whitehaven Street NW, Washington, DC 20008, via telephone at (202) 612-4400, or Italian Consulates General in Boston, Chicago, Detroit, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, Newark, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, or San Francisco, accessible through the Italian Embassy website.

Americans staying or traveling within Italy for less than three (3) months are considered non-residents. This includes persons on vacation, those taking professional trips, students registered at an authorized school, or persons performing research or independent study.

As of May 2007, under Italian law, all non-residents are required to complete a dichiarazione di presenza (declaration of presence). Tourists arriving from a non-Schengen-country (e.g. the United States) should obtain a stamp in their passport at the airport on the day of arrival. This stamp is considered the equivalent of the declaration of presence. Tourists arriving from a Schengen-country (e.g. France) must request the declaration of presence form from a local police office (commissariato di zona), police headquarters (questura) or their place of stay (e.g hotel, hostel, campgrounds) and submit the form to the police or to their place of stay within eight business days of arrival. It is important that applicants keep a copy of the receipt issued by the Italian authorities. Failure to complete a declaration of presence is punishable by expulsion from Italy. Additional information may be obtained (in Italian only) from the Portale Immigrazione and the Polizia di Stato.

Americans staying in Italy for more than three (3) months are considered residents and must obtain a permesso di soggiorno (permit of stay). This includes Americans who will work or transact business and persons who want to simply live in Italy. An application "kit" for the permesso di soggiorno may be requested from one of 14,000 national post offices (Poste Italiane). The kit must then be returned to one of 5,332 designated Post Office acceptance locations. It is important that applicants keep a copy of the receipt issued by the post office. Additional information may be obtained from the Italian immigration website. Within 20 days of receiving the permit to stay in Italy, Americans must go to the local Vital Statistics Bureau (Anagrafe of the Comune) to apply for residency. It generally takes one to two months to receive the certificate of residence (Certificato di Residenza).

The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Italy.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports:  134, Airports with paved runways:  96

Rome – Fiumicino Airport (FCO/LIRF)
Rome, Fiumicino, Italy, PO Box 68, Via Dell’Aeroporto di Fiumicino 320, I-00050 Fiumicino, Rome, ITALY
Rome, Fiumicino, Italy, Fiumicino, Rome, ITALY
Tel: +39 06 6595 1, +39 06 6595 4554
Fax: +39 06 6595 3776
Customs, hours: Mon-Fri 08:00-14:00 & 15:00-17:30, Sat 08:00-14:00

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

There have been occasional episodes of politically motivated violence in Italy, most often connected to Italian internal developments or social issues. Americans were not targeted or injured in these instances. Demonstrations may have an anti-American character. Even demonstrations intended to be peaceful have the potential to turn into confrontational situations and possibly escalate into violence.

Italy has a moderate rate of violent crime, some of which is directed towards tourists, principally for motives of theft. Some travelers have been victims of rape and beating. There have also been incidents of drinks laced with drugs being used by criminals to rob, and in some cases, assault tourists.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  6.07 deaths/ 1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL  79.54 years  (male 76.61/ female 82.66)

Immunization Indicators:

Required:  None

Recommended:  Hep A & B
Boosters:  DPT, MMR, poliovirus

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Leishmaniasis (cutaneous and visceral) is found in countries bordering the Mediterranean, with the highest number of cases from Spain, where it is an important opportunistic infection in HIV-infected persons. Legionnaries disease, caused by the Legionella bacterium, is sporadic; some outbreaks have involved tourists at resort hotels.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Medical facilities are available, but may be limited outside urban areas.  Public hospitals, though generally free of charge for emergency services, sometimes do not maintain the same standards as hospitals in the United States, so travelers are encouraged to obtain insurance that would cover a stay in a private Italian hospital or clinic.  It is almost impossible to obtain an itemized hospital bill from public hospitals, as required by many U.S. insurance companies, because the Italian National Health Service charges one inclusive rate (care services, bed and board).

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 13
Referrals: 47
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:
Communications Info:

Country Calling Code:  +39

Internet Country Code:  .it


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