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Country Profile


Uganda is a landlocked, developing country in central eastern Africa. Infrastructure is adequate in Kampala, the capital, but is limited in other areas. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Uganda for additional information.



Image of Uganda
Country Name: Uganda
Continent: Africa
Capital City: Kampala
Boundary Countries:

Democratic Rebuplic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

International Hospital Kampala, International Medical Center (Kampala), Mulago Hospital (Kampala)

Main Cities:

Kampala, Entebbe, Jinja, Port Bell, Mbale, Soroti, Moroto, Lira, Gulu, Arua, Fort Portal, Masaka, Mbarara

Country Size: 236,040 sq km
Population: 31,367,972



English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic

Currency: Ugandan Shilling (UGX)
Predominant Religions:

Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9%

National Holidays: Independence day, 9 October (1962)
Economic Status:

Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper, cobalt, gold, and other minerals. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues.


Uganda Peoples Defense Force (UPDF): Army (includes Marine Unit), Air Force

US Presence:

U.S. Embassy Uganda
1577 Ggaba Road, Kampala
Telephone: 256-414-259-791 or 256-414-306-001
Facsimile: 256-414-258-451

Document Requirements:

A passport valid for three months beyond the date of entry, visa and evidence of yellow fever vaccination are required. Visas are available at Entebbe Airport upon arrival or may be obtained from the Embassy of the Republic of Uganda. The current fee for a three month tourist visa obtained upon arrival at Entebbe Airport is $50.00. Travelers should be aware that a visa does not determine how long a person may remain in Uganda. The Ugandan immigration officer at the port of entry will determine the length of authorized stay, which is generally from one to three months as a tourist. Extensions of duration of stay may be requested at Ugandan immigration headquarters on Jinja Road in Kampala.  Airline companies may also require travelers to have a visa before boarding. Travelers should obtain the latest information and details from the Embassy of the Republic of Uganda at 5911 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC  20011; telephone (202) 726-7100. The Ugandan Embassy may also be contacted by email. Travelers may also contact the Ugandan Permanent Mission to the United Nations, telephone (212) 949-0110. Overseas, inquiries may be made at the nearest Ugandan embassy or consulate.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports:  32, Airports w/paved runways:  5

Entebbe Airport, Uganda, PO Box 23, Entebbe, UGANDA
Entebbe Airport, Uganda, Civil Aviation Authority, Kampala, UGANDA
Tel: +256 (0)42 20890, +256 (0)42 20516/9 Ext 3049
Fax: +256 (0)42 20571

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:




US State Dept. Travel Alert for Uganda, issued 24 January 2011

The State Department alerts US citizens residing in or traveling to Uganda to the upcoming presidential and parliamentary elections on February 18, 2011. US citizens in Uganda during this period are urged to exercise caution and remain abreast of the security situation throughout the election period. This Travel Alert expires on April 18, 2011.

Uganda’s 2006 presidential and parliamentary elections generally were orderly and peaceful, and there are no indications that the 2011 elections will be any different. Nevertheless, the State Department recommends that US citizens monitor the local news for changing security developments throughout the elections. Instances of localized unrest related to the elections are possible, and US citizens should be aware that even peaceful gatherings and demonstrations can turn violent. US citizens should maintain a high level of security awareness at all times and avoid political rallies, demonstrations, and crowds of any kind.

Ugandan authorities have increased patrols and police presence due to the July 2010 terrorist bombings in Kampala, the December 2010 bombing of a Uganda-bound bus in Kenya, continued threats against Uganda by the terrorist group al-Shabaab, and heightened domestic tensions that accompany competitive political campaigns. US citizens should be extremely vigilant with regard to their personal security in public places frequented by foreigners such as hotels, resorts, upscale shopping centers, restaurants, places of worship, and outdoor recreational events.

US citizens are strongly encouraged to enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive the most up-to-date security information. You should keep all of your information in STEP up to date, including your current phone number and a current email address where you can be reached in case of an emergency. 

US citizens should also consult the Country Specific Information Sheet for Uganda and the Worldwide Caution, both located on the Department of State’s web site. Up-to-date information on safety and security is available toll-free at 1-888-407-4747 from within the United States and Canada, or at regular toll rates at 1-202-501-4444 for callers from outside the United States and Canada, from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday (except US federal holidays).

The U.S. in Embassy Kampala is located at 1577 Ggaba Road, Kampala, Uganda, Telephone: 256-414-259-791 or 256-414-306-001, Facsimile: 256-414-258-451.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  65.99 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 52.34 years   (male 51.31/female 53.4)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Immunization Indicators:

Required: None
Recommended: Yellow Fever, Hep A & B, Typhoid, Meningococcal, Rabies
Boosters: MMR, DPT, Polio

Note: Chloroquine is NOT an effective antimalarial drug in Uganda and should not be taken to prevent malaria in this region.
Drugs to Prevent Malaria (antimalarial drugs). If you will be visiting a malaria risk area in Uganda, you will need to take one of the following antimalarial drugs: atovaquone/proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine (primaquine in special circumstances and only after G6PD testing).

Infectious Disease Concerns:

degree of risk: very high
Malaria risk area in Uganda: All
Travelers who become ill with a fever or flu-like illness while traveling in a malaria-risk area and up to one year after returning home should seek prompt medical attention and tell the physician their travel history and what antimalarials they have been taking. For additional information on malaria, including protective measures, see the CDC Travelers’ Health web site at http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/travel/index.htm.

Dengue, filariasis, leishmaniasis, and onchocerciasis (river blindness) are other diseases carried by insects that also occur in East Africa. African trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness) has increased in Africa and its increase in travelers has been noted since 2000.  Protecting yourself against insect bites will help to prevent these diseases.
Schistosomiasis, a parasitic infection, can be contracted in fresh water in this region. (For more information, please see Swimming and Recreational Water Safety.)
Many countries in this region have high incidence rates of tuberculosis and high HIV prevalence rates.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Medical facilities in Uganda, including Kampala, are limited and not equipped to handle most emergencies, especially those requiring surgery. Outside Kampala, hospitals are scarce and offer only basic services.  Equipment and medicines are often in short supply or unavailable. Travelers should carry their own supplies of prescription drugs and preventive medicines. A list of medical providers is available at the US Embassy.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 24
Referrals: 56
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Plague occurs sporadically or in outbreaks. Outbreaks have occurred since 2000 in Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Uganda, and Tanzania. Ituri Distric (Oriental Province) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo reports about 1,000 cases per year and was the site of an outbreak in 2006.
Polio outbreaks were reported in several previously polio-free countries in Central, Eastern, and Western Africa beginning in 2003. Polio is still endemic in Nigeria.
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) has been found in poultry populations in several countries in Africa. Avoid all direct contact with birds, including domestic poultry (such as chickens and ducks) and wild birds, and avoid places such as poultry farms and bird markets where live birds are raised or kept.  For a current list of countries reporting outbreaks of H5N1 among poultry and/or wild birds, view updates from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and for total numbers of confirmed human cases of H5N1 virus by country see the World Health Organization (WHO) Avian Influenza website.

Communications Info:

Country Code:  256
Internet Code: .ug


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