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Finland is a highly developed democracy with a modern economy. It is a member of the European Union. Tourist facilities are widely available. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Finland for additional information.


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Image of Finland
Country Name: Finland
Continent: Europe
Capital City: Helsinki
Boundary Countries:

Norway, Sweden, Russia

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Central Finland Central Hospital, Haukkala Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Hospital Mehilainen -Hameenlinna, Hospital Mehilainen -Tampere, Hospital Mehilainen -Turku, Hospital Mehilainen - Vaasa, Hospital Mehilainen – Helsinki, Hospital Mehilainen – Jyvaskyla, Hospital Mehilainen – Kuopio, Jorvi Hospital, Juurikkaniemi Hospital, Kuopio University Hospital, Oulu Hospital, Sadesairaala Hospital, Sisa-Suomi Hospital, Tampere University Hospital, Turku University Hospital

Main Cities:

Vaasa, Helsinki, Espoo, Oulu

Country Size: 338,145 sq km
Population: 5,214,512 (July 2004 est.)



Finnish 93.4% Swedish

Currency: Euro (EU)
Predominant Religions:

Lutheran National Church 84.2%, Greek Orthodox in Finland 1.1%, other Chritian 0.1%, none 13.5%

National Holidays: Independance Day, 6 December (1917)
Economic Status:

Finland is highly developed democracy with a modern economy.


Finnish Defense Forces: Army, NAvy, (includes coastal defense forces),Air Force.

US Presence:
U.S. Embassy in Finland
Itäinen Puistotie 14 B
00140 Helsinki
Telephone: +358-9-616-250
Document Requirements:

Finland is a party to the Schengen agreement.  As such, U.S. citizens may enter Finland for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa.  The passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay.  For further details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet

Travelers can contact the Embassy of Finland at 3301 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20008, tel: (202) 298-5800, or the Finnish Consulates General in Los Angeles or New York.  Additional information is available via the Internet at http://www.finland.org.

The U.S. Embassy in Helsinki is not able to assist private U.S. citizens in obtaining any necessary visas for neighboring countries, including Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union. 

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site.  For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

148, Airports w/paved runways:75 Helsinki – Vantaa Airport (HEL/EFHK)
Helsinki, Vantaa, Finland, PO Box 29, FIN-01531 Vantaa, FINLAND
Helsinki, Vantaa, Finland, International Terminal, Departure Hall, 3rd Floor, FIN-01530 Vantaa, FINLAND
Tel: +358 (0)9 8277-1
Fax: +358 (0)9 8277-3296

Customs, hours: Mon-Fri 08:00-16:00
Tel: +358 (0)20 492 3810

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

Finland remains largely free of terrorist incidents. Elements of organized crime groups operating in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe are present in Finland, but these do not represent a specific danger to U.S. citizen residents or tourists.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  3.59 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectance at birth:  TOTAL 78.24 yrs  (male 74.73/female 81.89)

Immunization Indicators:

Required : None 
Recommended:  Hep B
Boosters:  MMR, DPT, polio

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob cases have been reported primarily from the United Kingdom, although a few cases have been reported from other countries in Western Europe.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

In Finland, medical facilities and their staff are as a rule excellent and are widely available for emergency services. English is commonly spoken by Finnish medical personnel. Helsinki is a frequent medical evacuation point for emergency cases from the countries of the former Soviet Union. The public hospital system and many private hospitals honor foreign credit cards. Most pharmacies (“apteekki” in Finnish) are open during normal shopping hours and major cities have at least one 24-hour service pharmacy.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 65
Referrals: 44
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Large outbreaks of trichinosis have occurred; outbreaks in France have been linked to horse meat.
Measles outbreaks occurred in several European countries in 2006.
Risk of
hepatitis A is low, although sporadic outbreaks have occurred in developed countries.
Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 has been documented in wild birds or other avian species.

Communications Info:

Country Calling Codes: +358

Internet Country Code: fi note-Aland Islands also assigned .ax


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