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Country Profile


Spain and Andorra are both advanced stable democracies and modern economies. Spain is a member of NATO and the European Union.  Read the Department of State Background Notes on Spain and Andorra for additional information.


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Image of Spain
Country Name: Spain
Continent: Europe
Capital City: Madrid
Boundary Countries:
Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Clínica el Ángel (Malaga), Sanatorio de Nuestra Señora de la Antigua (Guadalajara), Sanatorio Valles (Madrid), Consultas Valles (Madrid), Policlinica Virgen del Valle (Madrid), Clinica Parque San Antonio (Malaga)

Main Cities:

Madrid, Barcelona, Cordoba, Sevilla, Valencia, Granada, Malaga.

Country Size: 504,782 sq km
Population: 40,397,842



Castilian Spanish 74%,  Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%.

Currency: Euro (EUR)
Predominant Religions:

Roman Catholic 94%,  Other 6%

National Holidays: National Day, 12 October
Economic Status:

GDP (2007): $1.439 trillion (seventh-largest Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development--OECD--economy).
Annual growth rate (2007 est.): 3.8%.
Per capita GDP (2007 est.): $31,831.
Natural resources: Coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper, kaolin, hydroelectric power.
Agriculture and fisheries (2.6% of GDP, 2007 est.): Products--grains, vegetables, citrus and deciduous fruits, wine, olives and olive oil, sunflowers, livestock.
Industry (13.51% of GDP, 2007 est.): Types--processed foods, textiles, footwear, petrochemicals, steel, automobiles, consumer goods, electronics.
Trade (2007): Exports--$248.7 billion: automobiles, fruits, minerals, metals, clothing, footwear, textiles. Major markets--EU 70.1%, U.S. 4.17%. Imports--$289.8 billion: petroleum, oilseeds, aircraft, grains, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, fish, consumer goods. Major sources--EU 59.1%, U.S. 3.54%.


Spanish Armed Forces: Army (Ejercito de Tierra), Spanish Navy (Armada Espanola, AE; includes Marine Corps), Spanish Air Force (Ejercito del Aire Espanola, EdA).

US Presence:
U.S. Embassy in Madrid
Calle de Serrano, 75
28006 Madrid, Spain
Phone: 91-587-2200
Fax: 91-587-2303
U.S. Consulate in Barcelona
Paseo Reina Elisenda de Montcada, 23
08034 Barcelona, España
Phone: (+34) 93 280 22 27
Fax (+34) 93 280 61 75
Document Requirements:

Spain is a party to the Schengen agreement.  As such, U.S. citizens may enter Spain for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa.  The passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay.  For further details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen Fact Sheet

The Spanish Government scrutinizes visitors who overstay their visas or their visa-free entry per the Schengen agreement.  Immediate deportation after spending a number of days in jail is not uncommon.  Visitors should take care to exit Spain promptly at the end of the 90-day visa-free travel period or at the end of the time stated on their visa.

In an effort to prevent international child abduction, many governments have initiated procedures at entry/exit points.  These often include requiring documentary evidence of relationship and permission for the child's travel from the parent(s) or legal guardian not present.  Having such documentation on hand, even if not required, may facilitate entry/departure.

The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Spain and Andorra.

For further information concerning entry requirements for Spain, travelers should contact the Embassy of Spain at 2375 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037, telephone (202) 452-0100, or the nearest Spanish Consulate in Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, or San Juan.  Additional information can be found on the Spanish government website.  Additional information may be obtained from the Tourist Office of Spain in New York at (212) 265-8822.

For further information on entry requirements to Andorra, travelers should contact the Andorran Mission to the UN, 2 U.N. Plaza, 25th floor, New York, NY 10018, telephone (212) 750-8064. 

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website.  For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.

Major Airports:

Airports: 157,    Airports w/paved runways: 96

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

Spain and Andorra share with the rest of the world an increased threat of international terrorist incidents. The Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) terrorist organization remains active in Spain. U.S. tourists traveling to Spain should remain vigilant, exercise caution, monitor local developments, and avoid demonstrations and other potentially violent situations. While most of Spain has a moderate rate of crime and most of the estimated one million American tourists have trouble free visits to Spain each year, street crimes against tourists occur in the principal tourist areas.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  4.37 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 79.65 years   (male 76.32/female 83.2)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: None

Recommended: Hep A & B, tetanus-diptheria  booster

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Leishmaniasis (cutaneous and visceral) is found in countries bordering the Mediterranean, with the highest number of cases from Spain, where it is an important opportunistic infection in HIV-infected persons.

Legionnaries disease, caused by the Legionella bacterium, is sporadic; some outbreaks have involved tourists at resort hotels.

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 140,000


Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Good medical care is available in both Spain and Andorra. Americans should consider that many foreign doctors and hospitals require payment in cash prior to providing service.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 82
Referrals: 202
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Please refer to “Infectious Disease Concerns” section.

Communications Info:

Country Code:  +34
Internet Code:  .sp


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