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|COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION|
Turkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli (or Zaza), Azeri, Kabardian
|Currency:||Turkish Lira (YTL)|
Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
|National Holidays:||Republic Day, 29 October (1923)|
Turkey is a moderately developed nation. Its dynamic economy is a complex mix of modern industry and commerce along with a traditional agriculture sector that still accounts for more than 35% of employment.
Turkish Armed Forces (TSK): Land Forces, Turkish Naval Forces (Turk Deniz Kuvvetleri, TDK; includes naval air and naval infantry), Turkish Air Force (Turk Hava Kuvvetleri, THK).
U.S. Embassy Ankara
110 Atatürk Blvd.
Kavakl?dere, 06100 Ankara – Turkey
Phone: (90-312) 455-5555
U.S. Consulate General Istanbul
?stinye Mahallesi, Üç ?ehitler Sokak No.2
?stinye 34460 – Istanbul / Turkey
Phone: (90) 212-335 90 00
U.S. Consulate Adana
Girne Bulvari No:212 Guzelevler Mah.
Yuregir, Adana – TÜRK?YE
Tel: (90) (322) 455-4100
A passport and visa are required. Currently, holders of all types of passports, if they are traveling as tourists, can purchase a 90-day sticker visa at the port of entry for USD $20 cash. Travelers arriving by cruise ship for a day trip to Turkey do not require a visa if they are not staying on shore overnight. For further information, travelers in the U.S. may contact the Embassy of the Republic of Turkey at 2525 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008, telephone: (202) 612-6700, or the Turkish Consulates General in Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, or New York. Visit the Embassy of Turkey website for the most current visa information. Overseas, travelers may contact a Turkish embassy or consulate.
Official and diplomatic passports holders traveling on official business must obtain a visa from a Turkish embassy or consulate before arriving in Turkey.
All travelers planning to stay more than three months for any purpose are required to obtain a visa from a Turkish embassy or consulate. Such travelers must also apply for a residence/work permit or Turkish ID card within the first month of their arrival in Turkey. This includes anyone who plans to spend more than three months doing research, studying, or working in Turkey.
All travelers are advised to obtain entry stamps on the passport page containing their visa at the first port of entry before transferring to domestic flights. Failure to obtain entry stamps at the port of entry may cause serious difficulties for travelers when they attempt to depart the country. On multiple occasions, Turkish authorities have detained travelers overnight in such situations.
Due to a revision of Turkish residency requirements in 2008, all travelers should also be careful not to stay beyond the date permitted by their visas or residency permits. Once a traveler has stayed beyond the date permitted in their visa or residency permit, he or she will be subject to deportation, a fine, and a travel ban restricting their return to Turkey for a period of between three months to five years. The time of the ban is determined by the length of time of the “overstay.”
Crossing the border with Iraq can be time-consuming, as the Turkish Government tightly controls entry and exit. All travelers wishing to cross into Iraq from Turkey must still have a valid travel document, such as a passport. In fact, travelers wishing to enter Turkey from any of its neighboring countries around Turkey must have both a valid travel document and current Turkish visa.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any specific HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Turkey, however, Turkey will generally deport foreigners once their HIV positive status is discovered.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
Airports: 117, Airports w/paved runways: 89
|Risks and Precautions:||
US Dept. of State TRAVEL ALERT, issued 19 March, expires 30 April
Infant MR total: 39.69 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth: TOTAL 72.62 years (male 70.18/female 75.18)
|Infectious Disease Concerns:||
Travelers to some areas of Iran, Iraq, Oman, Saudi Arabia, the Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, and Yemen may be at risk for malaria. Chloroquine is the recommended antimalarial drug for Iraq, Syria, and Turkey.
|Overall Quality of Medical Services:||
Turkish hospitals vary greatly. The new, private hospitals in Ankara and Istanbul have modern facilities and equipment, and numerous U.S.-trained specialists, but still may be unable to treat certain serious conditions. The State Department recommends medical evacuation for its personnel who will be giving birth. Nursing care and diagnostic testing are not up to American standards. Health care standards are lower in small cities in Turkey in comparison to bigger cities such as Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir and Adana.
|Providers in Network:||
|Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:||
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is reported throughout the area; visceral leishmaniasis, although rare throughout most of the area, is common in central Iraq, in the southwest of Saudi Arabia, in the northwest of Syria, in Turkey (southeast Anatolia only), and in the west of Yemen.
Country Calling Code: +90