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Country Profile

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago is a developing nation in the Caribbean composed of two islands. The islands gained independence from the British in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean, largely as a result of petroleum and natural gas industries. Tourist travel is mostly to the smaller of the two sister islands, Tobago. Tourist facilities are widely available.  Read the Department of State Background Notes on Trinidad and Tobago for additional information.

Trinidad and Tobago


Image of Trinidad and Tobago
Country Name: Trinidad & Tobago
Continent: Caribbean
Capital City: Port-of Spain
Boundary Countries:
Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

West Indies: Mount Hope International, Port of Spain General Hospital, San Fernando General Hospital, Tobago Regional Hospital

Cocorite: West Shore Medical

Port of Spain: Trinidad Specialty Centre

Main Cities:

Port-of-Spain, Scarborough, Arima, Sangre Grande, Point Fortin, Siparia, San Fernando, Chaguanas, Pointe-à- Pierre, Point Lisas

Country Size: 5,128 sq km
Population: 1,047,366



English (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, Spanish, Chinese

Currency: Trinidad & Tobago Dollar (TTD)
Predominant Religions:

Roman Catholic 26%, Hindu 22.5%, Anglican 7.8%, Baptist 7.2%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Muslim 5.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 4%, other Christian 5.8%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9%

National Holidays: independence Day, 31 August (1962)
Economic Status:

Trinidad and Tobago has earned a reputation as an excellent investment site for international businesses and has one of the highest growth rates and per capita incomes in Latin America. Recent growth has been fueled by investments in liquefied natural gas (LNG), petrochemicals, and steel.


Trinidad and Tobago Defense Force (TTDF): Trinidad and Tobago Regiment, Coast Guard, Air Guard

US Presence:
U.S. Embassy in Port of Spain
15 Queen’s Park West
Port of Spain
Trinidad and Tobago
Tel: (868) 622-6371
Document Requirements:

A valid passport is required of U.S. citizens for entry to Trinidad and Tobago.  The U.S. passport card alone is not accepted for entry to Trinidad and Tobago or for direct air travel from Trinidad and Tobago back to the U.S.  U.S. citizens do not need a visa for tourism or business-related visits of 90 days or less.  Work permits are required for compensated and some non-compensated employment, including missionary work.  Visas may be required for travel for purposes other than business or tourism.  For further information concerning entry, employment and customs requirements, travelers may contact the Embassy of Trinidad and Tobago, 1708 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC  20036, telephone (202) 467-6490, or the Trinidad and Tobago Consulates in Miami or New York City.  Visit the Embassy of Trinidad and Tobago’s website .

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website.  For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information Sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports:  6, Airports w/paved runways:  3

Piarco International Airport (POS/TTPP)
Port of Spain Airport, Trinidad & Tobago, Airports Authority of Trinidad & Tobago, Caroni North Bank Road, Piarco, Trindad, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Tel: +1 868 669-8047/9
Fax: +1 868 669-0228
Email: info@caribinfo.com/aatt/piarco.html


Crown Point International Airport (TAB/TTCP)

Tobago Airport, Trinidad & Tobago, Administration Office, Crown Point, Tobago, TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Tel: +1 868 639-8547
Fax: +1 868 639-8146
Email: aatt@tntairports.com or operations@tntairports.com

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

American citizens traveling to or residing in Trinidad and Tobago should avoid large crowds and demonstrations. While non-violent demonstrations occur on occasion, widespread civil disorder is not typical

Incidents of violent crime have been steadily on the rise on both islands. Visitors to Trinidad and Tobago should exercise caution and good judgment, as in any large urban area, particularly when traveling after dark from Trinidad's Piarco Airport. Areas to avoid in Trinidad include Laventille, Morvant, Sea Lots, South Belmont, scenic rest stops, walking across the Queen’s Park Savannah, and downtown Port of Spain (after dark), as tourists are particularly vulnerable to pick pocketing and armed assaults in these locations. Holiday periods, especially Christmas and Carnival, often see an increase in criminal activity.

The US Embassy urges caution in the use of the small buses or vans in Trinidad, known as "Maxi Taxis" (full-size inter-city buses are usually safe). Unmarked shared taxis authorized to pick up passengers will have the letter 'H' as the first letter on their license plates.  Some shared taxis and maxi taxis have been linked to petty crime and serious traffic accidents. Valuables including travel documents should not be left unattended in parked cars, especially in parking lots, as several thefts have been reported.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  23.59 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 67 years  (male 66.07/female 67.98)


Immunization Indicators:

Required: None
Recommended: Yellow Fever, Hep A & B, Typhoid
Boosters: MMR, DPT, Polio


Infectious Disease Concerns:

Dengue epidemics have occurred on many of the Caribbean islands.  Most islands are infested with Aedes aegypti, so these places are at risk for introduction of dengue.  Protecting yourself against insect bites (see below) will help to prevent this disease.

Cutaneous larval migrans is a risk for travelers with exposures on beaches and leptospirosis is common in many areas and poses a risk to travelers engaged in recreational freshwater activities.  Endemic leptospirosis is reported in Jamaica. Travelers to regions in Jamaica can reduce their risk to leptospirosis by avoiding activities which expose them to contaminated fresh surface water. Outbreaks of ciguatera poisoning, which results from eating toxin-containing reef fish, have occurred on many islands.


Overall Quality of Medical Services:

We strongly recommend that you obtain comprehensive travel and medical insurance before traveling. Medical care is limited compared to that in the United States. Care at public health facilities is significantly below US standards for treatment of serious injuries and illness, with limited access to supplies and medications. While care at some private facilities is better than at most public health facilities, patients may be expected to prove their ability to pay before assistance is given, even in emergency situations. Patients requiring blood transfusions are expected to arrange for at least the same amount to be donated on their behalf. Physicians and nurses may go on strike, causing serious strain on both public and private medical resources. Ambulance service is extremely limited both in the quality of emergency care and in the availability of vehicles in many parts of the country.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 1
Referrals: 31
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

In 2006, malaria (falciparum) was confirmed in travelers to Great Exuma, Bahamas, and Kingston, Jamaica, areas where malaria transmission typically does not occur.  An outbreak of eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis occurred in travelers to Jamaica.
Endemic foci of histoplasmosis are found on many Caribbean islands, and outbreaks have occurred in travelers.

Communications Info:

Country Code:  1-868
Internet Code:  .tt


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Seven Corners is one of the industry's most experienced travel health insurance providers. The company serves leisure, student, business, government and missionary/volunteer travelers. It offers an extensive selection of international medical and travel insurance policies to U.S. citizens traveling overseas, or foreign nationals visiting the United States. Seven Corners has thousands of policy holders and a worldwide network of over 30,000 agents. The company created and maintains the industry's most comprehensive network of international health care providers that includes thousands of doctors, pharmacies and hospitals around the globe. Seven Corners is a member of the United States Travel Insurance Association; is GSA certified and is currently pursuing a SAS 70 Type II compliant designation. In addition to travel medical insurance, Seven Corners also offers health care administration to the government sector. The company is privately held and headquartered just north of Indianapolis in Carmel, IN.