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Singapore is a small, stable, highly developed country with an elected parliamentary system of government. Tourist facilities are modern and widely available. Singapore's resident population of over 4.6 million inhabitants (including permanent residents and foreign workers) comprises 75% Chinese, 14% Malay, 9% Indian and 2% others. English is widely spoken. Criminal penalties are strict and law enforcement rigorous; see sections on “Entry/Exit Requirements,” “Special Circumstances,” and “Criminal Penalties,” below, for further details. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Singapore for additional information.



Image of Singapore
Country Name: Singapore
Continent: Asia
Capital City: Singapore
Boundary Countries:
Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

DIRECT PAYMENT: Alexandra Hospital, Day Surgery International, East Shore Hospital, Gleneagles Hospital Ltd., Mount Alvernia Hospital, Mount Elizabeth Hospital, National University Hospital, Raffles Hospital, Singapore Day Surgery Center, Singapore General Hospital, Tan Tock Seng Hospital

REFERRAL:Changi General Hospital, KK Women’s & Children’s Hospital, National Cancer Center, National Dental Center, National Eye Center, National Heart Center, National Neuroscience Institute, SingHealth Polyclinic – Bedkok, SingHealth Polyclinic – Bukit Merah, SingHealth Polyclinic – Geylang, SingHealth Polyclinic – Marine Parade, SingHealth Polyclinic – Outram, SingHealth Polyclinic – Pasir Ris, SingHealth Polyclinic – Queenstown, SingHealth Polyclinic – Sengkang, SingHealth PolyClinic – Tampines.

Main Cities:


Country Size: 692.7 sq km
Population: 4,608,167



Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9%.

Currency: Singapore Dollar (SGD)
Predominant Religions:

Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8%.

National Holidays: National Day, 9 August (1965)
Economic Status:

Singapore has a highly developed and successful free-market economy. It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita GDP equal to that of the four largest West European countries.


Singapore Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (includes Air Defense).

US Presence:
U.S. Embassy Singapore
27 Napier Road
Singapore 258508
Phone: (65) 6476-9100
Document Requirements:

A valid passport is required.  U.S. citizens do not need a visa if their visit is for business or social purposes, and their stay is for 90 days or less.  Travelers to the region should note that Singapore and some neighboring countries do not allow U.S. citizens to enter with fewer than six months of validity remaining on their passport.  Female U.S. citizens who are pregnant when they apply to enter Singapore for a social visit are no longer required to make prior application through the nearest Singapore overseas mission or to provide documentation from a U.S. embassy concerning the nationality the child will acquire at birth.  Specific information about entry requirements for Singapore may be obtained from the Embassy of the Republic of Singapore at 3501 International Place NW, Washington, DC 20008, tel. (202) 537-3100.  Visit the Embassy of Singapore’s website for the most current visa information.

Singapore has imposed travel restrictions on persons with HIV/AIDS.  Please inquire directly with the Embassy of Singapore before you travel.

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website.  For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.

Major Airports:

Airports:  8, Airports w/paved runways:  8

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

In 2001, Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), a terrorist organization with links to Al Qaeda, planned attacks in Singapore against government and private targets associated with the United States, Singapore and other countries. These plans were disrupted and the JI organization in Singapore was dismantled. On February 27, 2008 suspected JI leader Mas Selamat Kastari escaped from detention in Singapore. His current whereabouts are unknown. Singapore remains a target of interest for terrorist groups. The Department of State remains concerned because extremist groups in Southeast Asia continue to demonstrate the desire and capability to carry out attacks against locations where Westerners congregate. Terrorist groups do not distinguish between official and civilian targets. Americans residing in or traveling to Singapore and neighboring countries should therefore exercise caution, especially in locations where Americans and other Westerners live, work, congregate, shop or visit. U.S. citizens should remain vigilant about their personal security and surroundings.

Major crimes against tourists in Singapore are uncommon.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  2.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 81.89 years   (male 79.29/female 84.68.)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: None

Recommended: Hep A & B, Typhoid, Japanese encephalitis, Boosters: MMR, DPT

Infectious Disease Concerns:

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 4,100

Dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, and plague are diseases carried by insects that also occur in this region. Protecting yourself against insect bites (see below) will help to prevent these diseases.

Do not swim in fresh water (except in well-chlorinated swimming pools) to avoid infection with schistosomiasisLeptospirosis, a bacterial infection often contracted through recreational water activities in contaminated water, such as kayaking, is common in tropical areas of Southeast Asia. (For more information, please see Swimming and Recreational Water Safety.) An outbreak was reported in Borneo among expedition travelers in 2000.

Measles transmission persists in the region, although vaccination coverage is improving in some countries in Southeast Asia.  Influenza infections can occur throughout the year in tropical areas.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Good medical care is widely available in Singapore. Doctors and hospitals expect immediate payment for health services by credit card or cash and generally do not accept U.S. health insurance. Recipients of health care should be aware that Ministry of Health auditors in certain circumstances may be granted access to patient medical records without the consent of the patient, and, in certain circumstances, physicians may be required to provide information relating to the diagnosis or treatment without the patient's consent.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 76
Referrals: 102
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) continues to cause outbreaks in domestic and wild bird populations and has caused human cases in several countries in Southeast Asia. In 2006, the virus continued to spread in poultry populations in Indonesia.  Avoid all direct contact with birds, including domestic poultry (such as chickens and ducks) and wild birds, and avoid places such as poultry farms and bird markets where live birds are raised or kept.  For a current list of countries reporting outbreaks of H5N1 among poultry and/or wild birds, view updates from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and for total numbers of confirmed human cases of H5N1 virus by country see the World Health Organization (WHO) Avian Influenza website.

Despite vigorous mosquito eradication efforts in Singapore, from time to time Singapore experiences a spike in the number of dengue fever cases. Outbreaks tend to be clustered in residential areas, but there have been no reports of clusters in primary tourist areas, such as the Night Safari, the Singapore zoo, or Orchard Road.

In January 2008, a new strain of the viral disease Chikungunya was detected in Singapore. A dozen cases of the disease, which like Dengue Fever is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, were documented. There were no deaths. Unlike prior cases in Singapore, these cases were contracted locally and the outbreak centered around guest worker housing on Clive Street.

Polio resurfaced in Indonesia in 2005.  Imported cases in neighboring countries have occasionally occurred.

Communications Info:

Country Code:  +65   
Internet Code:  .sg


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