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Rwanda

Rwanda

   
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 COUNTRY OVERVIEW
Country Name: Rwanda
Continent: africa
Capital City: Kigali
Boundary Countries:

Burundi 290 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 217 km, Tanzania 217 km, Uganda 169 km.

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

None at this time

Main Cities:

Kigali, Butare, Kibuye, Kibungo, Gitarama, Cyangugu, Ruhengeri, Gisenyi, Byumba.

Country Size: 26,338 sq km
Population: 9,907,509

 

COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION
Language:

Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers

Currency: Rwandan franc (RWF)
Predominant Religions:

Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Muslim 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7%.

National Holidays: Independence Day, 1 July (1962)
Economic Status:

Rwanda is a landlocked developing country in central Africa. It continues to recover from the 1994 civil war and genocide in which at least 800,000 people were killed. Economic activity and tourism are on the rise in Rwanda.

Security:

Rwandan Defense Forces: Army, Air Force.

US Presence:
U.S. Embassy in Kigali
2657 Avenue de la Gendarmerie (Kacyiru)
P.O. Box 28 KigaliRWANDA
Phone: (250) 252 596 400
Document Requirements:

A passport is required and evidence of yellow fever immunization is recommended.  Visas are not required for American citizens entering Rwanda for less than 90 days.  U.S. citizens planning on working in Rwanda should apply for a work permit at the Directorate of Immigration as soon as possible after arrival in Rwanda.  Detailed entry information may be obtained from Rwanda’s Directorate of Immigration or from the Embassy of the Republic of Rwanda, 1714 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Washington DC  20009, telephone 202-232-2882, fax 202-232-4544.  Overseas, inquiries may be made at the nearest Rwandan Embassy or Consulate. 

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site.  For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports: 9, Airports w/paved runways: 4

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

There are currently no travel restrictions in place within Rwanda, but there are in the neighboring countries. From time to time, travel by US Mission personnel may be restricted based on changing security conditions. Visitors are encouraged to contact the appropriate US Embassy Regional Security Office or Consular Section for the latest security information, including developments in Eastern Congo, Uganda and Burundi. While not currently recommended, many visitors to Rwanda enter Goma and the Nyirigongo Volcano area in Eastern Congo; visitors are strongly encouraged to read the Travel Warning and the Consular Information Sheet for Congo-Kinshasa.
Pick-pocketing in crowded public places is common, as is petty theft from cars and hotel rooms. Although violent crimes such as carjacking, robbery, and home invasion occur in Kigali, they are rarely committed against foreigners. Americans are advised to remain alert, exercise caution, and follow appropriate personal security measures. Although many parts of Kigali are safe at night, walking alone after dark is not recommended since foreigners, including Americans, have occasionally been the targets of robbery.
 

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total: 85.27 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth: TOTAL 48.99 years (male 47.87/female 50.16)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: Yellow Fever
Recommended: Hep A & B, Typhoid, Rabies, Polio, Boosters: MMR, DPT, as needed.

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Many countries in this region have high incidence rates of tuberculosis and high HIV prevalence rates. There are periodic outbreaks of meningitis in Rwanda. Yellow fever can cause serious medical problems, but the vaccine, required for entry, is very effective in preventing the disease. Malaria risk area in Rwanda: All. Malaria is endemic to Rwanda, and the use of preventive medicines is encouraged for short-term visits. Anti-malarials are widely available in local pharmacies.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Medical and dental facilities are limited, and some medicines are in short supply or unavailable. In Kigali, Americans may go to King Faisal Hospital, a private facility that offers limited services and dental facilities. There is also a missionary dental clinic and a few private dentists. An American-operated missionary hospital with some surgical facilities is in Kibagora, in southwestern Rwanda. Another hospital with American physicians is located in Ruhengeri, near the gorilla trekking area, and a Chinese hospital is located in southeastern Rwanda in Kibungo.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 4
Referrals: 12
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Dengue, filariasis, leishmaniasis, and onchocerciasis (river blindness) are other diseases carried by insects that also occur in East Africa. African trypanosomiasis (African sleeping sickness) has increased in Africa (it is epidemic in Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Sudan; and highly endemic in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Mozambique, Uganda, and Tanzania; low levels are found in most of the other countries), and an increase in travelers has been noted since 2000. Most had exposures in Tanzania and Kenya, reflecting common tourist routes.

Plague occurs sporadically or in outbreaks. Outbreaks have occurred since 2000 in Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Uganda, and Tanzania. Ituri Distric (Oriental Province) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo reports about 1,000 caes per year and was the site of an outbreak in 2006.Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) has been found in poultry populations in several countries in Africa. Avoid all direct contact with birds, including domestic poultry and wild birds, and avoid places such as poultry farms and bird markets where live birds are raised or kept. For a current list of countries reporting outbreaks of H5N1 among poultry and/or wild birds, view updates from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and for total numbers of confirmed human cases of H5N1 virus by country see the World Health Organization (WHO) Avian Influenza website. Polio outbreaks were reported in several previously polio-free countries in Central, Eastern, and Western Africa beginning in 2003.

Communications Info:

Country Code: +250 
Internet Code:  .rw

 



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