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Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007.  Rapid economic growth in recent years has improved tourist and transportation infrastructure in many areas.  Read the Department of State Background Notes on Romania for additional information.


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Image of Romania
Country Name: Romania
Continent: Europe
Capital City: Bucharest
Boundary Countries:

Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Serbia 476 km, Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km.

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Bioderm Medical Center, Biomedica North Medical Center, Biomedica Prestige Medical Center, Centrul Medical Dristor, Centrul Medical Vitan, EuroClinic- Bucharest, ICC American Medical Center, Institutul Clinic Fundeni, Medicover (Bucharest Grozovici, Bucharest Victoriei, Plevnei, Titulescu, Povernei), Policlinica Poverni, Spital Clinic de Urgenta Sfantul Pantelimon, Spitalul Clinic Caritas, Spitalul Clinic Coltea, Spitalul Clinic de Copii Dr. Victor Gomoiu, Spitalul Clinic de Urgenta Bagdasar- Arseni, Spitalul Clinic Grigore Alexandrescu, Spitalul Clinic Judetean de Urgenta Timisoara, Spitalul Clinic Nicolae Malaxa, Spitalul Clinic Prof. Dr. Th. Burghele, Spitalul Universitar de Urgenta, Unirea Medical Center, Usa Deschisa Medical Center, Village Medical Clinic.

Main Cities:

Bucharest, Constanta, Tulcea, Craiova, Pitesti, Arad, Iasi, Bacau.

Country Size: 237,500 sq km
Population: 22,276,056



Romanian 91% (official), Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%.

Predominant Religions:

Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1%.

National Holidays: Unification Day (of Romania and Transylvania), 1 December (1918)
Economic Status:

Romania joined the European Union on 1 January 2007, and the IMF has praised the country's recent reform efforts in preparation for EU accession.


Land Forces, Naval Forces, Romanian Air Force (Fortele Aeriene Romane, FAR), Special Operations.

US Presence:
U.S. Embassy Bucharest
4-6, Dr. Liviu Librescu Blvd.,
District 1, Bucharest
015118 Romania
Telephone: (+40) 21 200-3300
Document Requirements:

A valid passport is required.  U.S. citizen visitors are granted 90 days of stay without a visa within a given six-month period.  For stays longer than 90 days, an extension of stay may be obtained in Romania from the Romanian Immigration Office in the area of residence.   An exit visa must be obtained in cases of overstay.  The Romanian Government is enforcing visa regulations more vigorously and a record of visa overstay can result in the assessment of large fines and the denial of entry without a visa for a specified time.  Visit the Embassy of Romania web site for the most current visa information or contact the Romanian Embassy at 1607 23rd St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone number (202) 232-4747, or the Romanian Consulates in Los Angeles, Chicago, or New York City.  .

Foreigners are required to carry identification documents at all times. Americans who obtained a temporary or permanent stay permit must be able to present the document upon the request of any “competent authorities.”  Foreigners who do not have a stay permit should present their passports.  (The Embassy recommends carrying a copy of the relevant document).

U.S. visa information for Romanians and other foreign citizens can be found on the web site of the U.S. Embassy in Bucharest  or the Department’s travel website .

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site. For further information about custom regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports: 61, Airports w/paved runways: 25

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

While most crimes in Romania are non-violent and non-confrontational, crimes do occur in which victims suffer personal harm. Crimes against tourists, including robbery, mugging, pick-pocketing and confidence schemes, remain a problem in Romania.
The emergency telephone number for ambulance and other emergency services is 112.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total: 24.6 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth: TOTAL 71.91 years  (male 68.41/female 75.62)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: None
Recommended: Hep A & B, Typhoid, Rabies, Boosters: MMR, DPT, as needed

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Tickborne encephalitis (TBE) is widespread, occurring in warmer months in the southern part of the nontropical forested regions of Europe and Asia. The annual incidence rate of tuberculosis is high in some countries in the region. Cases of diphtheria have declined (after a large outbreak in the 1990s) with improved rates of immunization.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Medical care in Romania is generally not up to Western standards, and basic medical supplies are limited, especially outside major cities. Some medical providers that are up to Western quality standards are available in Bucharest and other cities, but can be difficult to identify and locate. Travelers seeking medical treatment should therefore choose their provider carefully.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 3
Referrals: 39
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 has been documented in wild birds or other avian species in several of the countries in Eastern Europe. Human cases and death were reported from Azerbaijan in 2006. Avoid all direct contact with birds, including domestic poultry and wild birds and avoid places such as poultry farms and bird markets where live birds are raised or kept.

Communications Info:

Country Code:  +40  
Internet Code:  .ro


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