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Country Profile


Portugal is a developed and stable democracy with a modern economy.  Tourist facilities are widely available.  Read the Department of State Background Notes on Portugal for additional information.



Image of Portugal
Country Name: Portugal
Continent: Europe
Capital City: Lisboa (Lisbon)
Boundary Countries:

Spain 1,214 km

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Hospital Particular do Algarve (Algarve)
British Hospital (Lisboa), Clinica Europa (Carcavelos), Clinica Medica International (Cascals), Clinica Santo Antonio (Amadora), Hospital Privado de Santa Maria de Faro (Faro) and others (see Assist).

Main Cities:

Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Vila Real, Faro, Beja, Portimâo, Algarve.

Country Size: 92,391 sq km, note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands.
Population: 10,605,870



Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used).

Currency: Euro (EUR)
Predominant Religions:

Roman Catholic 94%, Protestant.

National Holidays: Portugal Day (Day of Portugal), 10 June (1580); note - also called Camoes Day, the day that revered national poet Luis de Camoes (1524-80) died.
Economic Status:

Portugal is a developed and stable democracy with a modern economy.


Army, Navy (Marinha Portuguesa; includes Marine Corps), Air Force (Forca Aerea Portuguesa, FAP), National Republican Guard (Guarda Nacional Republicana).

US Presence:
U.S. Embassy Lisbon
Avenida das Forças Armadas
1600-081 Lisboa
Phone: 351-21-727-3300
Fax: 351-21-726-9109
U.S. Consulate Ponta Delgada Azores
Avenida Príncipe do Mónaco, 6-2 F
9500 Ponta Delgada
Phone: 351 296 308 330
Document Requirements:

Portugal is a party to the Schengen agreement. As such, U.S. citizens may enter Portugal for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa. The passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. For further details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our fact sheet.
Portuguese law requires some non-European Union foreign nationals to register with immigration officials within three working days of entering Portugal. The law affects those who transit another Schengen area country by air en route to Portugal and stay at noncommercial accommodations. If an American citizen would like to ensure that his or her entry is properly documented, it may be necessary to request a stamp at an official point of entry, or download a “declaracão de entrada” from the Portuguese Immigration Service’s website, and submit it to a local SEF office or police station within 3 days of entry. Travelers without a stamp in their passport may be questioned about or asked to document the length of their stay in Schengen countries. If unable to do so, they could face possible fines.

Travelers may also contact the Embassy of Portugal at 2012 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036, tel. (202) 350-5400, or the Portuguese Consulates in Boston, MA; New Bedford, MA; Providence, RI; New York, NY; Newark, NJ; San Francisco, CA; or Los Angeles, CA. Visit the Government of Portugal’s website for the most current visa information.
The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Portugal.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports: 66, Airports w/paved runways: 43

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

At this time there are no specific and credible threats related to terrorism, demonstrations, war, civil unrest or other forms of violence that should impact the visitor. Portugal’s open borders with its European neighbors allow the possibility for terrorist groups to enter/exit the country with anonymity. Brief general strikes and public protests by public sector employees, industrial workers and/or university student groups take place with some frequency, but are usually publicized in advance and are rarely violent. Portugal has a relatively low rate of violent crime.
Portuguese customs authorities may enforce strict regulations concerning temporary importation into or export from Portugal of such items as firearms, antiquities, medications, business equipment, sales samples and other items.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total: 4.98 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth: TOTAL 77.7 years  (male 74.43/female 81.2)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: None
Recommended: Hep A & B, booster: tetanus-diptheria.

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Leishmaniasis (cutaneous and visceral) is found in countries bordering the Mediterranean, with the highest number of cases from Spain, where it is an important opportunistic infection in HIV-infected persons. Legionnaries disease, caused by the Legionella bacterium, is sporadic; some outbreaks have involved tourists at resort hotels.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Medical facilities are available in Portugal, but in some cases they may not meet U.S. standards. The responsiveness of emergency services is often not up to U.S. standards. Further, ambulance services usually require on-the-spot payment. Should an unforeseen need for prescription refills or new medications arise, Portuguese pharmacies generally carry equivalent compounds to those found in the U.S.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 21
Referrals: 142
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Please refer to Infectious Disease Concerns section.

Communications Info:

Country Code: +351    
Internet Code:  .pt


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