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|COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION|
Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski and other 8%
|Currency:||Pakistani rupee (PKR)|
Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3%
|National Holidays:||Republic Day, 23 March (1956)|
Pakistan, an impoverished and underdeveloped country, has suffered from decades of internal political disputes, low levels of foreign investment, and a costly, ongoing confrontation with neighboring India.
Army (includes National Guard), Navy (includes Marines and Maritime Security Agency), Pakistan Air Force (Pakistan Fiza'ya)
The US Embassy in Islamabad is located at Diplomatic Enclave, Ramna 5; tel (92-51) 208-0000; Consular Section tel (92-51) 208-2700; fax (92-51) 282-2632; website: http://islamabad.usembassy.gov/.The US Consulate General in Karachi, located at 8 Abdullah Haroon Road, closed its public operations indefinitely due to security concerns. US citizens requiring emergency assistance should call the Consular Section in Karachi; tel (92-21) 520-4200; fax (92-21) 568-0496; website:http://karachi.usconsulate.gov/The US Consulate in Lahore is located on 50 Sharah-E-Abdul Hamid Bin Badees (Old Empress Road), near Shimla Hill Rotary; tel (92-42) 603-4000; fax (92-42) 603-4200; website http://lahore.usconsulate.gov/; email firstname.lastname@example.org.The US Consulate in Peshawar is located at 11 Hospital Road, Cantonment, Peshawar; tel (92-91) 526-8800; fax (92-91) 528-4171; website: http://peshawar.usconsulate.gov/
All U.S. citizens traveling to Pakistan for any purpose are required to have valid U.S. passports and Pakistani-issued visas. Further information on entry requirements can be obtained from the Embassy of Pakistan at 3517 International Court Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20008; telephone: 202-243-6500. The Embassy of Pakistan may be contacted via e-mail .
Travelers may also contact one of the Consulates General of Pakistan in:
Boston: 20 Chestnut Street, Needham, MA 02492; telephone: (781) 455-8000; fax: (617) 266-6666
Chicago: 333 North Michigan Ave., Suite 728, Chicago, IL, 60601; telephone: (312) 781-1831; fax: (312) 781-1839
Houston: 11850 Jones Road, Houston, TX, 77070; telephone: (281) 890-2223; fax: (281) 890-1433
Los Angeles: 10850 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 1100, Los Angeles, CA 90024; telephone: (310) 441-5114; fax: (310) 441-9256
New York: 12 East 65th St., New York, NY 10021; telephone: (212) 879-5800; fax: (212) 517-6987
If a traveler plans to stay longer than the time listed on the visa, he or she must extend the stay with the local passport office of the Ministry of Interior. Visit the Embassy of Pakistan website for the most current visa information.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.
Airports: 146, Airports w/paved runways: 92
Islamabad - Benazir Bhutto International Airport (ISB/OPRN)Islamabad Airport, Pakistan, Civil Aviation Authority, Islamabad, PAKISTANE-mail: email@example.comCustoms, hours: 24 hours
|Risks and Precautions:||
US Dept of State Travel Warning Updated 12 June 2009
The Department of State warns US citizens against non-essential travel to Pakistan in light of the threat of terrorist activity. This replaces the Travel Warning dated February 25, 2009, updates information on security incidents and reminds US citizens of ongoing security concerns in Pakistan.
Infant MR total: 68.84 deaths/1,000 live birthsLife expectancy at birth: TOTAL 63.75 years (male 62.73/female 64.83)
|Infectious Disease Concerns:||
Malaria risk area in Pakistan: Risk in all areas (including all cities) at altitudes below 2,000 m (<6,562 ft).
Dengue fever has caused epidemics in most South Asian countries. In 2005-2006, an outbreak of chikungunya affected thousands of persons in India. Filariasis is common. A sharp rise in the incidence of visceral leishmaniasis has been observed in several South Asian countries. Japanese encephalitis occurs widely except in mountainous areas of South Asia.
Leptospirosis, a bacterial infection often contracted through recreational water activities in contaminated water, is common in tropical areas of the South Asia region.
Indigenous wild polio was present in 2005-2006 in India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan; cases from Bangladesh and Nepal were confirmed in 2005-2006.
Measles occurs in the South Asia region and can be a source of infection for unvaccinated travelers.
|Overall Quality of Medical Services:||
Adequate medical care is available in major Pakistani cities, but is limited in rural areas. Facilities in the cities vary in level and range of services, resources, and cleanliness, and Americans may find them below US standards; facilities in rural areas are consistently below US standards. Medical facilities require prepayment and do not accept credit cards.
|Providers in Network:||
|Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:||
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) continues to cause outbreaks in domestic and wild bird populations and has caused human cases in several South Asian countries. Avoid all direct contact with birds, including domestic poultry (such as chickens and ducks) and wild birds, and avoid places such as poultry farms and bird markets where live birds are raised or kept. For a current list of countries reporting outbreaks of H5N1 among poultry and/or wild birds, view updates from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and for total numbers of confirmed human cases of H5N1 virus by country see the World Health Organization (WHO) Avian Influenza website.
Country Code: +92