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Country Profile


Macau, formerly a Chinese territory under Portuguese administration, became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) on December 20, 1999. The SAR maintains a high degree of autonomy, except in the areas of defense and foreign policy. Macau retains its own currency, laws, and border controls. Facilities for tourism are well developed. Gambling and tourism are the largest sectors in Macau's economy. With a population of approximately 543,000, Macau covers a 29.2 square-kilometer area including the peninsula of Macau, connected to the PRC, and the two islands of Taipa and Coloane linked by a causeway 2.2 km long. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Macau for additional information.



Image of Macao
Country Name: Macau SAR (Special Administrative Region {of China})
Continent: Asia
Capital City: Macau
Boundary Countries: China
Recommended Hospitals in Capital:
Main Cities: Macau
Country Size: 28.2 sq km
Population: 456,989



Cantonese 87,9%, Hokkien 4.4%, Mandarin 1.6%, other Chinese dialects 3.1%, other 3%

Currency: Macau Pataca (MOP)
Predominant Religions:

Buddhist 50%, Roman Catholic 15%, none and other 35%

National Holidays: National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China), 1 October (1949); note- 20 December 1999 is celebrated as Macau SAR Establishment Day
Economic Status:

Macau's well-to-do economy has remained one of the most open in the world since its reversion to China in 1999.


No regular military forces. Defense is the responsibility of China.

US Presence:

There is no US diplomatic or consular presence in Macau. Consular assistance for US citizens is provided by the US Consulate General in Hong Kong, 26 Garden Road, Central, Hong Kong; tel (852) 2523-9011 or (852) 2841-2211; fax (852) 2845-4845; e-mail questions@hongkongacs.com; website http://hongkong.usconsulate.gov. The mailing address (from the US) of the Consulate General in Hong Kong is PSC 461, Box 5, FPO AP 96521-0006. US citizens living in or visiting Macau are encouraged to register at the Consular Section of the US Consulate General in Hong Kong and obtain updated information on travel and security within Macau.

Document Requirements: A passport valid for 30 days beyond the intended period of stay in Macau is required. A visa is not required for tourist visits of up to 30 days. According to U.S. citizen travelers, U.S. citizens who depart and then immediately reenter Macau should expect to be given a reduced length of stay, under 30 days, upon reentry. Because many neighboring areas require six months validity remaining on the passport, U.S. citizens planning travel beyond Macau should ensure that their passports are valid for at least six months from the date of their proposed entry into such areas. Holders of a Hong Kong Permanent Identity Card or a Hong Kong Re-entry Permit may use either document to enter Macau for a maximum stay of up to one year. All visitors must present their passport or other valid travel document upon arrival. Visit the Macau Government Tourist Office website for the most current visa information. Macau has instituted procedures for border authorities to screen for the possibility of influenza among passengers on arriving international flights. Arriving travelers will be required to submit a health declaration form and pass through a thermal-scanning checkpoint. Temperature readings are then taken from fixed-position infrared monitors that do not make any contact with the traveler. U.S. citizens should obtain all required visas prior to departing the United States. Specifically, U.S. citizens wishing to travel to the PRC from Macau require a PRC visa and should apply at the PRC embassy or consulate where they reside. Visas to the PRC can in some cases be obtained at the PRC Visa Office in Macau; however, there are limitations depending on the visa category, and if issued, they are often of a shorter length of stay and fewer entries than are those obtained in the United States. Parents whose children hold U.S. passports should be aware that the PRC Visa Office may require original birth certificates or other documentation for these children. Persons applying in Macau for PRC visas for U.S.-born children have been unable to obtain PRC visas without the certified U.S. birth certificate. Parents should consider bringing their children’s birth certificates if applying for a PRC visa in Macau. Further information on travel to and around the PRC is available in the China Country-Specific Information Sheet. The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Macau. Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information page.
Major Airports:

Airports:  1, Airports w/paved runways:  1

Macau International Airport (MFM/VMMC)
Macau Airport, Macau, 29/F Bank of China Building, Av. Dr. Marco Soares, Macau International Airport, MACAU
Tel: +853 861111
Fax:  +853 785465
Customs, hours: 24 hours
Tel: +853 8981 422
Fax: +853 861 192

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

No specific security threat listed for Macau.

Petty street crime occasionally occurs in tourist areas in Macau, including in and around casinos and at the airport.

Typhoons: During the storm season (July through September), the Macau Observatory (Direccao dos Servicos Meteorologicos e Geofisicos) issues typhoon warnings on an average of six times a year. The Macau Observatory has a good notification and monitoring system in place.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  4.33 deaths/ 1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 82.27 years  (male 79.44/ female 85.25)

Immunization Indicators:

Required:  None

Recommended:  Hep A & B, Japanese Encephalitis, Rabies, Typhoid
Boosters:  MMR, DPT, poliovirus

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Dengue, filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, leishmaniasis, and plague are diseases carried by insects that also occur in East Asia. Tickborne encephalitis occurs in forested regions in northeastern China and in South Korea. Respiratory infections (origins often undefined) are common in travelers to East Asia. Measles remains endemic in the region, and infection has occurred in adopted children from China and in travelers to the region. Influenza may occur during all months of the year.

Schistosomiasis (Schistosoma japonicum) is present in focal areas in China, especially in the Yangtze River basin. Leptospirosis is a risk, especially in tropical areas of China and South Korea. Rabies is widespread in China (not Hong Kong) and Mongolia.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Several major hospitals in Macau have adequate medical facilities and are able to provide emergency medical care. Highly developed medical facilities and trained personnel are available in Hong Kong, which is about an hour by jetfoil and ten minutes by helicopter from Macau.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 0
Referrals: 3
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Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) continues to cause outbreaks in domestic and wild bird populations and has caused human cases in several East Asian countries. Avoid all direct contact with birds, including domestic poultry (such as chickens and ducks) and wild birds, and avoid places such as poultry farms and bird markets where live birds are raised or kept.

Communications Info:

Country Calling Code:  +853

Internet Country Code:  .mo


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