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Liechtenstein is a democratically run constitutional monarchy. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Switzerland for additional information.



Image of Liechtenstein
Country Name: Liechtenstein
Continent: Europe
Capital City: Valduz
Boundary Countries: Austria, Switzerland
Recommended Hospitals in Capital:
Main Cities: Balzers, Malbun, Schaan
Country Size: 160 sq km
Population: 33,436



German (official), Alemannic dialect

Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)
Predominant Religions:

Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 7%, unknown 10.6%, other 6.2%

National Holidays: Assumption Day, 15 August
Economic Status:

Despite its small size and limited natural resources, Liechtenstein has developed into a prosperous, highly industrialized, free-enterprise economy with a vital financial service sector and living standards on a par with its large European neighbors. The Liechtenstein economy is widely diversified with a large number of small businesses.


Defense is the responsibility of Switzerland.

US Presence:

The US does not hav an embassy in Liechtenstein, but the US Ambassador to Switzerland is also accredited to Liechtenstein.

The US Embassy is located at Jubilaeumstrasse 93, 3005 Bern; Tel. (41)(31) 357-7011, fax (41)(31) 357-7280. The Embassy’s email address is bernacs@state.gov. The US Embassy web site at http://bern.usembassy.gov answers many questions of interest to Americans visiting and residing in Switzerland.

Document Requirements:

Switzerland is a party to the Schengen agreement. As such, U.S. citizens may enter Switzerland for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa. The passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. For further details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet .

Liechtenstein is not a party to the Schengen agreement. A visa is not required for stays up to 90 days.

For more information on entry requirements for both countries, travelers may contact the Embassy of Switzerland at 2900 Cathedral Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone (202) 745-7900, or the nearest Swiss Consulate General in Atlanta, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, or San Francisco. Visit the Embassy of Switzerland’s web site at http://www.swissemb.org for the most current visa information.

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:
Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

The potential for specific threats of violence involving American citizens in Switzerland is remote.

Liechtenstein has a low crime rate. Travelers may wish to exercise caution on trains, especially on overnight trains to neighboring countries. Thieves, who steal from passengers while they sleep, can enter even locked sleeping compartments.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total: 4.77 deaths/ 1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 79.4 yrs  (male 75.80/ female 83.02)

Immunization Indicators:

Required:  None

Recommended:  Hep B
Boosters:  MMR, DPT, poliovirus

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Tickborne encephalitis (TBE) occurs in warmer months of the southern part of the nontropcial forested regions of Europe. 

Leishmaniasis (cutaneous and visceral) is found, especially in countries bordering the Mediterranean, with the highest number of cases from Spain, where it is an important opportunistic infection in HIV-infected persons.

Variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob cases have been reported primarily from the United Kingdom, although a few cases have been reported from other countries in Western Europe. Large outbreaks of trichinosis have occurred; outbreaks in France have been linked to horse meat.

Measles outbreaks occurred in several European countries in 2006.

Risk of hepatitis A is low, although sporadic outbreaks have occurred in developed countries.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Good medical care is widely available.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 0
Referrals: 20
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Measles outbreaks occurred in several European countries in 2006.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 has been documented in wild birds or other avian species in several of the countries in Europe. For a current list of countries reporting outbreaks of H5N1 among poultry and/or wild birds, view updates from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).

Communications Info:

Country Calling Code:  +423

Internet Country Code:  .li


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