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Cambodia

Cambodia is a developing country with a constitutional monarchy and an elected government. King Norodom Sihamoni is the constitutional monarch and head of state. Elections for Members of the National Assembly were last held in July 2003, and are scheduled to take place again in July 2008. Two political parties, the CPP and FUNCINPEC, have formed a coalition government, which the CPP dominates. The country has a market economy with approximately 80 percent of the population of 13.6 million engaged in subsistence farming. The government has good relations with its neighbors despite strains over residual border disputes and other historic antagonisms. The quality of tourist facilities varies widely in Cambodia with the highest standard found in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, and Sihanoukville. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Cambodia for additional information.

Cambodia

   
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 COUNTRY OVERVIEW
Country Name: Cambodia
Continent: Asia
Capital City: Phnom Penh
Boundary Countries:

Laos, Thailand, Vietnam

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Royal Angkor International Hospital (Angkor), Surya Medical Services Co. Ltd. (Phnom Penh)
Phnom Penh:  Calmette Hospital, Clinique Borei Keila, International Medical Center- Phnom Penh, International SOS Clinic- Phnom Penh, Polyclinique Aurore, Raffles Medical Center, Royal Rattanak Hospital, Visalsok Polyclinic

Main Cities:

Battambang, Kompong Cham, Kompong Som

Country Size: 181,040 sq km
Population: 13,363,421

 

COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION
Language:

Khmer

Currency: Cambodian Riel (KHR)
Predominant Religions:

Theravada Buddhist

National Holidays: Independence Day, 9 November (1953)
Economic Status:

The government has made progress on economic reforms, but the long-term development of the economy remains a daunting challenge.

Security:

Royal Cambodian Amed Forces:  Army, Navy, Air Force

US Presence:

U.S. Embassy Phnom Penh
#1, Street 96
Sangkat Wat Phnom
Khan Daun Penh, Phnom Penh
Phone: (855-23) 728-000

www.kh.usembassy.gov

Document Requirements:

A valid passport and a Cambodian visa are required. Tourist and business visas are valid for one month beginning with the date of entry into Cambodia. Cambodia offers on-line visa processing at http://evisa.mfaic.gov.kh. You may also apply in person at the Cambodian Embassy located at 4530 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011, tel. 202-726-7742, fax 202-726-8381. Tourists and business travelers may also obtain a Cambodian visa at the airports in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, and at all major border crossings. Any method of obtaining a Cambodian visa requires a passport-sized photograph and a passport that is valid for a minimum of six months beyond the date of entry into Cambodia. A departure tax is charged on all domestic and international flights. This tax must be paid in U.S. dollars. Travelers should note that Cambodia regularly imposes fines for overstay on an expired visa. If the overstay is 30 days or less, the charge is USD 5.00 per day, while for overstays of over 30 days, the charge is USD 6.00 per day. Overseas inquiries may be made at the nearest embassy or consulate of Cambodia or visit the Embassy of the Kingdom of Cambodia web site http://www.embassyofcambodia.org/ for the most current visa information.

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports:  20, Airports w/paved runways:  6

Phnom Penh International Airport (PNH/VDPP)
Phnom Penh Airport, Cambodia, Société Concessionaire des Aeroports, National Road No 04, Phnom Penh, Dangkor District, 1256, CAMBODIA
Tel: +855 (0)23 890520, +855 (0)23 890043
Fax:  +855 (0)23 890395, +855 (0)23 881528
E-mail:
bureau@sca.com.kh
Website: 
www.cambodia-airports.com

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

Extremist groups present in Southeast Asia have transnational capabilities to carry out attacks against locations where Westerners congregate. American citizens traveling to Cambodia should therefore exercise caution in clubs, discos, bars, restaurants, hotels, places of worship, schools, outdoor recreation venues, tourist areas, beach resorts, and other places frequented by foreigners.The U.S. Embassy advises U.S. citizens to avoid large public gatherings and crowded public areas.
Land mines and unexploded ordnance are found in rural areas throughout Cambodia, and especially in Battambang, Banteay Meanchey, Pursat, Siem Reap, and Kampong Thom provinces. Travelers should never walk in forested areas or even in dry rice paddies without a local guide.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  73.67 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 58.41yrs. (male 55.71/ female 61.23)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: None
Recommended: Malaria, Hep A & B, Typhoid, Rabies, Japanese Encephalitis, Polio

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Malaria risk area in Cambodia: Risk throughout the country, including risk in the temple complex at Angkor Wat. No risk in Phnom Penh and around Lake Tonle Sap.

Dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, and plague are diseases carried by insects that also occur in this region. Leptospirosis, a bacterial infection often contracted through recreational water activities in contaminated water, such as kayaking, is common in tropical areas of Southeast Asia.

Measles transmission persists in the region, although vaccination coverage is improving in some countries in Southeast Asia.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Medical facilities and services in Cambodia do not meet international standards. Adequate care for basic emergencies is limited in Phnom Penh. Siem Reap, the major tourist attraction of Cambodia, currently has one facility that can provide basic medical care. Medical care outside the capital is almost non-existent.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 9
Referrals: 13
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) continues to cause outbreaks in domestic and wild bird populations and has caused human cases in several countries in Southeast Asia.

Influenza infections can occur throughout the year in tropical areas.
Polio resurfaced in Indonesia in 2005. Imported cases in neighboring countries have occasionally occurred.

Communications Info:

Country Calling Code:  +855
Internet Country Code:  .kh

 



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