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Country Profile

Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea is a developing country in central Africa. Its capital, Malabo, is located on the island of Bioko, off the coast of Cameroon. A secondary port, Luba, is also on Bioko. The mainland territory of Equatorial Guinea is located between Cameroon and Gabon. The principal city on the mainland is Bata. Facilities for tourism are limited. Official languages are Spanish, which is widely spoken, and French, which is not widely understood, but sometimes used in business dealings. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Equatorial Guinea for additional information.

Equatorial Guinea


Image of Equatorial Guinea
Country Name: Equatorial Guinea
Continent: Africa
Capital City: Malabo
Boundary Countries: Cameroon, Gabon
Recommended Hospitals in Capital:
Main Cities: Malabo, Luba, Bata, Mbini, Evinayong, Ebebiyin, Mongomo
Country Size: 28,051 sq km
Population: 551,201



Spanish 67.6% (official), other 32.4% (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi)

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Predominant Religions:

Nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices

National Holidays: Independance Day, 12 October
Economic Status:

Equatorial Guinea is a developing country in central Africa.


Army, Navy, Air Force

US Presence:

The US reopened its Embassy in Malabo in October 2003. However, due to limited staffing, it can offer only emergency services to US citizens in distress. The US Embassy in Malabo can be contacted at (240) 098-895. Embassy web site: http://malabo.usembassy.gov/. Routine services are provided through the US Embassy in Yaoundé, Cameroon, located on Avenue Rosa Parks in the Mbankolo Quartier, adjacent to the Mount Febe Golf Club; mailing address PO Box 817; embassy tel. (237) 2220-1500, fax: (237) 2220-1572; web site: http://yaounde.usembassy.gov/. The Embassy Branch Office in Douala, Cameroon is located on Rue Flatters, in the Citibank building, tel.: (237) 3342-53-31, fax: (237) 3342-77-90.

Document Requirements:

A passport and evidence of a yellow fever vaccination is required to enter Equatorial Guinea.  Visas are not required for U.S. citizens unless the traveler will be there for an “extended stay” or is intending to work there.  U.S. citizens entering without a visa but staying longer than 90 days should register with the local police station. 

Private ships landing in an Equato-Guinean port must get clearance prior to approaching the shore.

Travelers should obtain the latest information and details from the Embassy of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, 2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC  20009, telephone (202) 518-5700, fax (202) 518-5252.

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site.  For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports:  4, Airports w/paved runways:  3

Malabo Airport (SSG/FGSL)
Malabo Airport, Equatorial Guinea, PO Box 3019, Malabo,
Malabo Airport, Equatorial Guinea, ADGE Aeropuertos de Guinea Ecatorial, Malabo Airport, Malabo, EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Tel: +240 09 15 54
E-mail: adge@malabo.aero

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

It is not uncommon for a uniformed member of the security forces to stop motorists on the pretext of minor or nonexistent violations of the local motor vehicle regulations in order to extort small bribes.  Visitors are advised not to pay bribes, and to request that the officer provide a citation to be paid at the local court. Although large public demonstrations are uncommon, U.S. citizens should avoid large crowds, political rallies, and street demonstrations.
Violent crime is rare and the overall level of criminal activity is low in comparison to other countries in the region.  However, there has been a rise in non-violent street crime and residential burglaries.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  87.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 49.51 years  (male 48.11/female 50.95)

Immunization Indicators:

Infant MR total:  87.15 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 49.51 years  (male 48.11/female 50.95)

Infectious Disease Concerns:

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
Dengue, filariasis, leishmaniasis, and onchocerciasis (river blindness) are other diseases carried by insects that also occur in this region. Plague, an infectious disease of animals and humans caused by a bacterium, is present in wild rodent populations in rural areas of Africa. A number of rickettsial infections also occur in this region. Schistosomiasis, a parasitic infection, can be contracted in fresh water in this region. Other infections that tend to occur more often in longer-term travelers (or immigrants from the region) include tuberculosis, HIV and hepatitis B.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Medical facilities are extremely limited. Pharmacies in Malabo and Bata stock basic medicines including antibiotics, but cannot be counted on to supply advanced medications. Outside of these cities, many medicines are unavailable. The sanitation levels in even the best hospitals are very low. Doctors and hospitals often require immediate payment for health services, and patients are expected to supply their own bandages, linen and toiletries.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 1
Referrals: 18
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease. Plasmodium falciparum malaria, the type that predominates in Equatorial Guinea, is resistant to the antimalarial drug chloroquine.
There are periodic outbreaks of cholera in Equatorial Guinea. Yellow fever can cause serious medical problems, but the vaccine,

Communications Info:

Country Calling Code:  +240
Internet Country Code:  .gq


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