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|COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION|
English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)
|Currency:||British Pound (GBP)|
Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1%
|National Holidays:||The UK does not celebrate one particular national holiday.|
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a highly developed constitutional monarchy comprised of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. The UK, a leading trading power and financial center, is one of the quintet of trillion dollar economies of Western Europe
Army, Royal Navy (includes Royal Marines), Royal Air Force
U.S. Embassy London
U.S. Consulate General in Edinburgh, Scotland
U.S. Consulate General in Belfast, Northern Ireland
There is no U.S. consular representation in Gibraltar. Passport questions should be directed to the U.S. Embassy in Madrid, located at Serrano 75, Madrid, Spain; telephone: 34-91-587-2200 and fax: 34-91-587-2303. All other inquiries should be directed to the U.S. Embassy in London.
The UK Border Agency (UKBA) is now in the process of fully implementing a five-tier regulation system that affects Americans coming to the United Kingdom as well as American citizens and dependents already in the country. Information on the new, points-based system can be found on the UKBA web site.
Companies and individuals intending to employ American citizens, or other nationals from countries beyond the European Economic Area and Switzerland, are required to apply to the UKBA for a sponsorship license. Information on the sponsorship license can be found on the UKBA web site.
Educational establishments must also apply for a sponsorship license. Even American educational institutions that only offer short-term study abroad programs in their own premises in the United Kingdom to students who are enrolled in the United States, and who come to the United Kingdom for one or two semesters before returning home to finish their degree courses, must apply for a license from the UKBA. Information on the license for educational establishments can be found on the UKBA web site.
Students and prospective students who intend to stay longer than six months, and those coming for less than six months but who wish to work while studying, are required to obtain a student or prospective student visa before traveling to the United Kingdom. Failure to do so will result in the student or prospective student being refused entry to the United Kingdom. Information on student visas can be found on the UK web site. Students may apply online. Note, too, that charity workers, religious workers, and other temporary workers, even those performing unpaid duties, are required to obtain a visa prior to traveling to the United Kingdom. Information on temporary workers can be found on the UKBA web site.
If travelers or sponsors have any questions about requirements for a visa, please refer to the UKBA web site.
Travelers must be outside the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man when they make an application for a visa.
It is the traveler’s personal responsibility to ensure that he/she has the appropriate permission to enter the United Kingdom. The U.S. Embassy in London cannot intervene with any application, nor can it secure entry on behalf of American citizens who arrive without a visa when one is required.
Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. For further information about customs regulations, please read our customs information sheet.
Airports: 471, Airports w/paved runways: 334
Airport Data: International
|Risks and Precautions:||
The United Kingdom is politically stable, with a modern infrastructure, but shares with the rest of the world an increased threat of terrorist incidents of international origin. There is also the potential for occasional and isolated violence related to the political situation in Northern Ireland (a part of the United Kingdom). The potential remains for sporadic incidents of street violence in isolated areas in Northern Ireland during the summer marching season (April to August), with tensions heightened during the month of July, especially around the July 12th public holiday. The United Kingdom benefit from generally low crime rates; however crime, including violent crime, has increased over the last few years, especially in London.
Infant MR total: 5.08 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth: TOTAL 78.54 years (male 76.09/female 81.13)
|Infectious Disease Concerns:||
Legionnaries disease, caused by the Legionella bacterium, is sporadic; some outbreaks have involved tourists at resort hotels. Also, please refer to “Recent Medical Concerns” section regarding radiation poisoning & mumps.
|Overall Quality of Medical Services:||
While medical services are widely available, free care under the National Health System is allowed only to UK residents and certain EU nationals. Tourists and short-term visitors can expect charges that may be significantly higher than those assessed in the United States.
|Providers in Network:||
|Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:||
In the 2009 CDC Measles Update, mention is made of the recent growing number of cases in the UK, specifically England and Wales. This information is available at http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/content/in-the-news/measles.aspx.
Country Calling Code: +44