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Estonia is a stable democracy with an economy that has developed rapidly in recent years. Tourist facilities in Tallinn are comparable to other western European cities, but some amenities may be lacking in rural areas. Some goods and services may not be available outside of major cities. Please read the Department of State Background Notes on Estonia for additional information.


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Image of Estonia
Country Name: Estonia
Continent: Europe
Capital City: Tallin
Boundary Countries:

Latvia, Russia

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Medicover Clinic (Johvi, Parnu, Tallinn, Tartu), Hiiumaa Hospital (Kardla), Kohtla-Jarve Hospital, Puru Hospital (Kohtla-Jarve), Narva Clinic, Narva Hospital, Parnu I Hospital, East-Tallinn Central Hospital, Magdaleena Hospital (Tallinn), Medicum Medical Center (Tallinn), North Estonian Regional Hospital (Tallinn), Reconstructive Surgery Clinic (Tallinn), Sinu Artist Medical Center (Tallinn), Tallinn Central Children’s Clinic, Tallinn’s Children’s Hospital, Tallinn Psychiatric Hospital, West-Tallinn Central Hospital, West-Tallinn Seamen’s Polyclinic, Private Clinic Elite (Tartu), Private Clinic Gyne (Tartu), Tartu University Children’s Clinic, Tartu University Hospital

Main Cities:

Tallinn, Paldiski, Paide, Tartu, Valga, Narva, Kunda, Muuga, Haapsalu, Pärnu, Viljandi, Kohtla-Järva

Country Size: 45,226 sq km
Population: 1,315,912



Estonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7%

Currency: Estonian kroon (EEK)
Predominant Religions:

Evangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1.4%, unaffiliated 34.1%, other and unspecified 32%, none 6.1%

National Holidays: 20 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Economic Status:

Estonia is a stable democracy with a rapidly developing economy. 


Estonian Defence Forces: Land Force, Navy Air Force, Volunteer Defence League (Kaitseliit, KL)

US Presence:
U.S. Embassy in Tallinn
Kentmanni 20
15099 Tallinn
Embassy phone: (372) 668 8100
Document Requirements:

A valid passport is required.  Estonia is a party to the Schengen Agreement.  As such, U.S. citizens may enter Estonia for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa.  The passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay.  For further details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen Fact Sheet

For further information concerning entry requirements and residency permits, contact the Estonian Embassy, located at 2131 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008, telephone (202) 588-0101, or the Consulate General of Estonia in New York City, telephone (212) 883-0636. Visit the Embassy of Estonia website for the most current visa information.  American citizens who wish to reside in Estonia (e.g. for work, studies, retirement, etc.) can also consult with the Estonian Citizenship and Migration Board.

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site.  For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports:  24, Airports w/paved runways:  12

Tallinn Airport (TLL/EETN)
Tallinn Airport, Estonia, PO Box 1, Lennujaama 2, EE-11101 Tallinn, ESTONIA
Tel: +372 605-9701
Fax: +372 605-8900
E-mail: marketing@tllapt.ee
Website: www.tallinn-airport.ee
Customs, hours: 09:00 – 18:00, Mon-Fri
Tel: +372 605-8055
Fax: +372 605-8245

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

Civil unrest is not a problem in Estonia, and there have been no incidents of terrorism directed toward American interests.  Large public gatherings and demonstrations may occur on occasion, caused mainly by domestic political issues. During periods of darkness, reflectors must be worn by pedestrians.
Estonia is a relatively safe country, although crime in Tallinn’s “Old Town” is an ongoing concern, particularly during the summer tourist season. 

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  7.59 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 72.3 years (male 66.87/female 78.07)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: None
Recommended: Hep A & B, Rabies, Typhoid
Boosters: MMR, DPT

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Tickborne encephalitis occurs in the southern part of the nontropical forest belt in Europe and Asia. Most intense transmission has been reported in Russia, Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia. Travelers are at risk who visit or work in forested areas during the summer months and who consume unpasteurized dairy products. Vaccine for this disease is not available in the United States at this time. A number of rickettsial infections also occur in this region.
Other infections that tend to occur more often in longer-term travelers (or in immigrants from the region) include tuberculosis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

The quality of medical care in Estonia continues to improve but still falls short of Western standards. Estonia has many highly trained medical professionals, but hospitals and clinics still suffer from a lack of equipment and resources.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 2
Referrals: 2
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:
Communications Info:

Country calling Code: +372
Internet Country Code :  .ee


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