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Djibouti is a developing African country located at the juncture of the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.  It is a multi-party democracy with a legal system based on French civil law (Djibouti was a French colony until 1977), though modified by traditional practices and Islamic (Sharia) law.  Although exact statistics are unavailable, unemployment is estimated in excess of 50% of the working-age population.  Over two-thirds of the country’s 650,000 residents live in the capital, also called Djibouti.  Modern tourist facilities and communications links are found in the city of Djibouti, but are limited outside the capital.  Read the Department of State Background Notes on Djibouti for additional information.


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Image of Djibouti
Country Name: Djibouti
Continent: Africa
Capital City: Djibouti
Boundary Countries:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Djibouti:  Peltier General Hospital
Djivouti Ville:  CHA Bouffard

Main Cities:

Djibouti, Obock, Tadjoura, Balho, Yoboki, Dikhil, Ali 'Sabieh, Khor Angar

Country Size: 23,000 sq km
Population: 496,374



French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Currency: Djiboutian Franc (DJF)
Predominant Religions:

Muslim 94%, Christian 6%

National Holidays: Independence Day, 27 June (1977)
Economic Status:

Djibouti is a developing African country. Although exact statistics are unavailable, unemployment is estimated at greater than 50% of the working-age population.


Djibouti National Army (includes Navy & Air Force)

US Presence:

U.S. Embassy in Djibouti
Lot 350-B Haramouss
B.P. 185
Phone: (253) 21-45-30-00

Document Requirements:

A passport, visa, and evidence of yellow fever vaccination are required.  Travelers may obtain the latest information on entry requirements from the Embassy of the Republic of Djibouti, 1156 15th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005, telephone (202) 331-0270, or at the Djibouti Mission to the United Nations, 866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 4011, New York, NY 10017, telephone (212) 753-3163.  Overseas, inquiries may be made at the nearest Djiboutian embassy or consulate.  In countries where there is no Djiboutian diplomatic representation, travelers may sometimes obtain visas at the French Embassy.  
American journalists or any American connected with the media must contact the U.S. Embassy’s Public Affairs section prior to travel to facilitate entry into Djibouti.  If you are unclear whether this applies to you, please contact the U.S. Embassy for more information.

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site.  For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports: 13,  Airports w/paved runways: 3

Djibouti – Ambouli Airport (JIB/HDAM)
Djibouti Airport, Djibouti, BP 204, Djibouti, REPUBLIC OF DJIBOUTI
Djibouti Airport, Djibouti, Djibouti Airport, Amboudi, REPUBLIC OF DJIBOUTI
Tel: +253 34.14.47, +253 34.01.01
Fax: +253 34.07.23
E-mail: aeroport@intnet.dj

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

Terrorism continues to pose a threat in East Africa.  U.S. citizens traveling in East Africa should be aware of the potential for indiscriminate attacks on civilian targets in public places.

Demonstrations have become more frequent due to the recent increase in energy prices.  Americans are advised to avoid all demonstrations as they may become violent. Accurate crime statistics are not available, but crime appears to be on the rise.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  100.77 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 43.25 years (male 41.88/female 44.65)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: None
Recommended: Hep A & B, Malaria, Rabies, Typhoid
Boosters: MMR, DPT, Polio

Infectious Disease Concerns:

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever vectorborne disease: malaria
Malaria and dengue fever are prevalent in Djibouti.
Dengue, filariasis, leishmaniasis, onchocerciasis (river blindness) and Rift Valley fever are other diseases carried by insects that also occur in this region. A number of rickettsial infections also occur in this region. Schistosomiasis is found in fresh water in the region. Other infections that tend to occur more often in longer-term travelers (or immigrants from the region) include tuberculosis, HIV and hepatitis B.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Adequate medical facilities in the capital of Djibouti are limited and medicines are often unavailable. Medicines that are available are extremely expensive. Medical services in some outlying areas may be completely nonexistent. Motorists especially should be aware that in case of an accident outside the capital, emergency medical treatment would depend almost exclusively on passersby. In addition, cell phone coverage in outlying areas is often unavailable, making it impossible to summon help.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 1
Referrals: 6
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

In 2005, polio was found in all of Djibouti’s neighbors (Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Yemen) and health professionals strongly suspect it is present in Djibouti.
Highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified among birds in this country or surrounding region; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2007).

Communications Info:

Country Calling Code:  +253
Internet Country Code:  .dj


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