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Switzerland is a highly developed democracy. Liechtenstein is a democratically run constitutional monarchy. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Switzerland for additional information.



Image of Switzerland
Country Name: Switzerland
Continent: Europe
Capital City: Bern
Boundary Countries: Austria 164 km, France 573 km, Italy 740 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 334 km
Recommended Hospitals in Capital: UniversitätsSpital Zürich (Zürich), Spital Saanen (Saanen), Lindenhofspital Bern, Klinik Beau-Site (Bern), Klinik Hirslanden (Zürich)
Main Cities: Bern, Geneva, Zürich, Saanen
Country Size: 41,290 sq km
Population: 7,523,934



German (official) 63.7%, French (official) 20.4%, Italian (official) 6.5%, Serbo-Croatian 1.5%, Albanian 1.3%, Portuguese 1.2%, Spanish 1.1%, English 1%, Romansch 0.5%, other 2.8% (2000 census)
note: German, French, Italian, and Romansch are all national languages, but only the first three are official languages

Currency: Swiss franc (CHF)
Predominant Religions:

Roman Catholic 41.8%, Protestant 35.3%, Orthodox 1.8%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 4.3%, other 1%, unspecified 4.3%, none 11.1%

National Holidays: Founding of the Swiss Confederation, 1 August (1291)
Economic Status:

Switzerland is a peaceful, prosperous, and stable modern market economy with low unemployment, a highly skilled labor force, and a per capita GDP larger than that of the big Western European economies.


Swiss Armed Forces: Land Forces, Swiss Air Force (Schweizer Luftwaffe); Switzerland has no navy, but maintains a fleet of military patrol boats to patrol Swiss borders

US Presence:

Embassy in Bern

Document Requirements:

Switzerland is a party to the Schengen agreement. As such, U.S. citizens may enter Switzerland for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa. The passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay. For further details about travel into and within Schengen countries, please see our Schengen fact sheet .

Liechtenstein is not a party to the Schengen agreement. A visa is not required for stays up to 90 days.

For more information on entry requirements for both countries, travelers may contact the Embassy of Switzerland at 2900 Cathedral Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone (202) 745-7900, or the nearest Swiss Consulate General in Atlanta, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, or San Francisco. Visit the Embassy of Switzerland’s web site at http://www.swissemb.org for the most current visa information.

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports:  65, Airports w/paved runways:  42

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

Although there have been no recent terrorist attacks in Switzerland, violence by anti-globalization, anti-Semitic, and anti-establishment (anarchist) groups occurs from time to time.  This violence is typically in the form of property damage and clashes between these groups and the police.  The potential for specific threats of violence involving American citizens in Switzerland is remote. Switzerland has a low rate of violent crime.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  4.34 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 80.51 years   (male 77.69/female 83.48)


Immunization Indicators:

Required: None

Recommended: Hep A & B, tetanus-diptheria booster

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Tickborne encephalitis, a viral infection of the central nervous system, occurs in Austria, Germany, Finland, Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark (only on the island of Bornholm); a few cases have also been reported from Italy, Norway, and France. Legionnaries disease, caused by the Legionella bacterium, is sporadic; some outbreaks have involved tourists at resort hotels.

HIV/AIDS– people living with HIV/AIDS: 13,000



Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Good medical care is widely available.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 38
Referrals: 277
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:
Communications Info:

Country Code: +41
Internet Code: .ch


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Seven Corners is one of the industry's most experienced travel health insurance providers. The company serves leisure, student, business, government and missionary/volunteer travelers. It offers an extensive selection of international medical and travel insurance policies to U.S. citizens traveling overseas, or foreign nationals visiting the United States. Seven Corners has thousands of policy holders and a worldwide network of over 30,000 agents. The company created and maintains the industry's most comprehensive network of international health care providers that includes thousands of doctors, pharmacies and hospitals around the globe. Seven Corners is a member of the United States Travel Insurance Association; is GSA certified and is currently pursuing a SAS 70 Type II compliant designation. In addition to travel medical insurance, Seven Corners also offers health care administration to the government sector. The company is privately held and headquartered just north of Indianapolis in Carmel, IN.