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Canada is a highly developed, stable democracy. Tourist facilities are widely available except in northern and wilderness areas, where they are less developed and can be vast distances apart. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Canada for additional information.



Image of Canada
Country Name: Canada
Continent: North America
Capital City: Ottawa
Boundary Countries:

United States of America

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Kelowna General Hospital (Kelowna), St. Michael’s Hospital (Toronto)
Burlington: Joseph Brant Memorial Hospital
Calgary: Alberta Children’s Hospital
Dartmounth: The Nova Scotia Hospital
Mississauga: Trillium Health Centre – Mississauga
Ottawa: Greenboro Family Medicine Centre, Queensway Carleton Hospital
Scarborough: The Scarborough Hospital – General Division & Grace Division
Toronto: St. Michael’s Hospital – Wellesley, St. Michael’s Hospital Physician’s Association, Trillium Health Centre – Queensway, West Park Healthcare Centre
Vancouver: Holy Family Hospital
Winnipeg: Seven Oaks General Hospital

Main Cities:

Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Quebec, Winnipeg, Regina, Thunder Bay, Halifax, Saint John, St. John's, Edmonton, Victoria, Whitehorse, Dawson, Churchill, Goderich, Hamilton, Igaluit, Sept-Iles

Country Size: 9,984,670 sq km
Population: 33,390,141



English (official) 59.3%, French (official) 23.2%, other 17.5%

Currency: Canadian Dollar (CAD)
Predominant Religions:

Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (including United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16%

National Holidays: Canada Day, 1 July (1867)
Economic Status:

As an affluent, high-tech industrial society in the trillion-dollar class, Canada resembles the US in its market-oriented economic system, pattern of production, and affluent living standards.


Canadian Forces: Land Forces Command, Maritime Command, Air Command, Canada Command (homeland security)

US Presence:

U.S. Embassy in Ottawa
490 Sussex Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 1G8 Canada
Tel: 613-688-5335 

U.S. Consulate General in Calgary
615 MacLeod Trail S.E.
10th Floor
Rocky Mountain Plaza Building
Calgary, Alberta
T2G 4T8
Phone: 403-266-8962

U.S. Consulate General in Halifax
1969 Upper Water Street
Suite 904, Purdy’s Wharf
Tower II
B3J 3R7
Phone: 902-429-2480

U.S. Consulate General in Montreal
1134 Saint-Catherine St W
Montreal, QC H3B 5K2
Phone: 416-645-9124

U.S. Consulate General in Quebec
2, rue de la Terrasse-Dufferin
Quebec, Quebec G1R 4T9
Telephone: (418) 692-2095

U.S. Consulate General in Toronto
360 University Avenue
Toronto, Ontario M5G 1S4
Phone: 416.595.1700

U.S. Consulate General in Vancouver
1075 West Pender Street
Vancouver, British Columbia
V6E 2M6
Phone: 604-685-4311

U.S. Consulate in Winnipeg
201 Portage Avenue, Suite 860
Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 3K6 Canada
Tel: 204-940-1800
Document Requirements:

Entry into Canada is solely determined by Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) officials in accordance with Canadian law . Canadian law requires that all persons entering Canada carry both proof of citizenship and proof of identity. A valid U.S. passport, passport card or NEXUS card (see below) satisfies these requirements for U.S. citizens. If U.S. citizen travelers to Canada do not have a passport, passport card or approved alternate document such as a NEXUS card, they must show a government-issued photo ID (e.g. Driver’s License) and proof of U.S. citizenship such as a U.S. birth certificate, naturalization certificate, or expired U.S. passport. Children under sixteen need only present proof of U.S. citizenship. 

All Americans traveling by air outside of the United States are required to present a passport or other valid travel document to enter the United States.  This requirement will be extended to sea travel (except closed-loop cruises), including ferry service, on June 1, 2009.  Until then, U.S. citizens traveling by sea may present government-issued photo identification and a document showing their U.S. citizenship (for example, a birth certificate or certificate of nationalization).  Starting June 1, 2009, all travelers must present a Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI) compliant document such as a passport or a passport card for entry to the United States.  While passport cards and enhanced driver’s licenses are sufficient for entry into the United States, they may not be accepted by the particular country you plan to visit; please be sure to check with your cruise line and countries of destination for any foreign entry requirements.

Both the U.S. and Canadian governments urge frequent travelers to join the NEXUS trusted traveler program. NEXUS members receive a special travel card that allows expedited border crossings for both private and commercial travelers through both U.S. and Canadian border controls very quickly. The CBP has detailed information about the NEXUS program .

U.S. citizens entering Canada from a third country must have a valid U.S. passport. A visa is not required for U.S. citizens to visit Canada for up to 180 days. Anyone seeking to enter Canada for any purpose other than a visit (e.g. to work, study or immigrate) must qualify for the appropriate entry status, and should contact the Canadian Embassy or nearest consulate and visit the Canadian immigration web site

Anyone with a criminal record (including misdemeanors or Driving While Impaired (DWI) charges may be barred from entering Canada and must obtain a special waiver well in advance of any planned travel. To determine whether you may be inadmissible and how to overcome this finding , refer to the Canadian citizenship and immigration web site.
Forfurther information on entry requirements , travelers may contact the Canadian Embassy at 501 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington DC 20001, tel. (202) 682-1740; or the Canadian consulates in Atlanta, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Dallas, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis, New York, San Juan or Seattle.

Information about dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our web site. For further information about customs regulations, please read our Customs Information sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports:  1,337, Airports w/paved runways:  509 (numerous significant International airports)

Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ/CYYZ)
Toronto, Pearson Int’l, ON, Canada, PO Box 6031, Greater Toronto Airports Authority, Toronto AMF, Ontario, L5P 1B2, CANADA
Toronto, Pearson Int’l, ON, Canada, 3111 Convair Drive, Mississauga, Ontario, CANADA
Tel: 1 (1)416 776-3000
Fax:  1 (1)416 776-3580
Website:  www.gtaa.com

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

Although criminal activity in Canada is more common in urban areas, overall crime levels are comparable to the United States and violent crimes such as murder, armed robbery, and rape can occur throughout the country.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  4.63 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 80.34 years  (male 76.98/female 83.86)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: None
Recommended: Hep A & B, Boosters: MMR, DPT

Infectious Disease Concerns:

For specific health concerns for all of Canada & specific details by Province, visit http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/destinationCanada.aspx.

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Good medical care is widely available and the level of public health and sanitation in Canada is high. The largely state-run Canadian health care system is managed by each province (e.g. the province of Ontario has its own hospital insurance plan as does each of the other provinces and territories) and is funded by Canadian taxpayers. Tourists and temporary visitors do not qualify for this health care plan and are well advised to have their own insurance to cover any medical expenses. Some health care professionals in the province of Quebec might only speak French.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 10
Referrals: 332
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

For specific health concerns for all of Canada & specific details by Province, visit http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/destinationCanada.aspx.

Communications Info:

Country Calling Code:  1 + local number (no international calling code for Canada)
Internet Country Code:  .ca


© 2006-2020 Seven Corners Inc.+303 Congressional Blvd., Carmel, IN 46032+800-335-0611
Seven Corners is one of the industry's most experienced travel health insurance providers. The company serves leisure, student, business, government and missionary/volunteer travelers. It offers an extensive selection of international medical and travel insurance policies to U.S. citizens traveling overseas, or foreign nationals visiting the United States. Seven Corners has thousands of policy holders and a worldwide network of over 30,000 agents. The company created and maintains the industry's most comprehensive network of international health care providers that includes thousands of doctors, pharmacies and hospitals around the globe. Seven Corners is a member of the United States Travel Insurance Association; is GSA certified and is currently pursuing a SAS 70 Type II compliant designation. In addition to travel medical insurance, Seven Corners also offers health care administration to the government sector. The company is privately held and headquartered just north of Indianapolis in Carmel, IN.