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Brazil is a federative nation state with an advanced developing economy. Facilities for tourism are excellent in the major cities, but vary in quality in remote areas. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Brazil for additional information.


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Image of Brazil
Country Name: Brazil
Continent: South America
Capital City: Brasilia
Boundary Countries:

Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Brasilia: Fleury Unidade Brasilia
Campinas: Fleury Unidade Campinas
Porto Alegre: Hospital Moinhos de Vento
Rio de Janeiro:  Fleury Unidade Leblon, Hospital Samaritano, Clinica Sao Vicente
Sao Paulo:  Fleury Hospital Dia, Fleury Medicina e Saude, Fleury Unidade- Adolfo Pinheiros, Alphaville, Braz Leme, Sumare, Villa-Lobos, Brigadeiro Luis Antonio, Chacara Klabin, Higienopolis, Ibirapuera, Jardim America, Jundiai, Oscar Americano, Paraiso, Santo Andre, Sao Bernardo do Campo, Shopping Analia Franco, Shopping Jardim Sul, Sociedade Hospital Samaritano

Main Cities:

Brasília, Rio de Janeiro, Sâo Paulo, Belo Horizonte, Belem, Manaus

Country Size: 8,511,965 sq km,
Population: 190,010,647



Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French

Currency: Brazilian Real (BRL)
Predominant Religions:

Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4%

National Holidays: Independence Day, 7 September (1822)
Economic Status:

Characterized by large and well-developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing, and service sectors, Brazil's economy outweighs that of all other South American countries and is expanding its presence in world markets.


Brazilian Army, Brazilian Navy (Marinha do Brasil (MB), includes Naval Air and Marine Corps (Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais)), Brazilian Air Force (Forca Aerea Brasileira, FAB)

US Presence:

U.S. Embassy in Brasilia
SES – Av. das Nações, Quadra 801, Lote 03
70403-900 – Brasília, DF
Phone: (55-61) 3312-7000


U.S. Consulate in Porto Alegre
Av. Assis Brasil, 1889
Passo d’Areia Porto Alegre – RS
Phone: +55 (51) 3345-6000

U.S. Consulate General in Recife
Rua Gonçalves Maia, 163 – Boa Vista
50070-060 – Recife, PE
Phone: (55-81) 3416-3050

U.S. Consulate General in Rio de Janeiro
Av. Presidente Wilson, 147 – Castelo
20030-020 – Rio de Janeiro, RJ
Phone: (55-21) 3823-2000


U.S. Consulate General in Sao Paulo
Rua Henri Dunant, 500,
Chácara Santo Antônio,
São Paulo- SP, 04709-110
Phone: (55-11) 3250-5000




Document Requirements:

A passport and visa are required for US citizens traveling to Brazil for any purpose. Brazilian visas must be obtained in advance from the Brazilian Embassy or consulate nearest to the traveler's place of residence. There are no "airport visas" and immigration authorities will refuse entry to Brazil to anyone not possessing a valid visa. All Brazilian visas, regardless of the length of validity, must initially be used within 90 days of the issuance date or will no longer be valid. Americans reentering Brazil must be able to show an entry stamp in their passport proving that the visa was issued within 90 days; otherwise they will not be allowed reentry. Immigration authorities will not allow entry into Brazil without a valid visa. The US Government cannot assist travelers who arrive in Brazil without proper documentation.
Travelers are reminded that they are subject to local law. Showing contempt to a Brazilian government official at the port of entry, or elsewhere, is a serious offense. (Fines for such offenses are based on the offender’s claimed income.)
Additionally, travelers who have recently visited certain countries, including most other Latin American countries (check Brazilian Embassy website linked below), may be required to present an inoculation card indicating they had a yellow fever inoculation or they may not be allowed to board the plane or enter the country. Minors (under 18) traveling alone, with one parent or with a third party, must present written authorization by the absent parent(s) or legal guardian specifically granting permission to travel alone, with one parent, or with a third party. The authorization (in Portuguese) must be notarized and then authenticated by the Brazilian Embassy or Consulate.
Visit the
web site of the Brazilian Embassy in Washington, D.C. for the most current visa information.
For current entry and customs requirements for Brazil, travelers may
contact the Brazilian Embassy at 3009 Whitehaven Street NW, Washington, DC  20008; telephone 1-202-238-2828. Travelers may also contact the Brazilian consulates in Boston, Houston, Miami, New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, or San Francisco. Addresses, phone numbers, web and e-mail addresses, and jurisdictions of these consulates may be found at the Brazilian Embassy web site.
US citizens also possessing Brazilian nationality cannot be issued Brazilian visas and must obtain a Brazilian passport (from the Brazilian Embassy or Consulate nearest to their place of residence) to enter and depart Brazil. Airport officials will check for Brazilian visas upon arrival and departure. In addition to being subject to all Brazilian laws affecting US citizens, dual nationals may also be subject to other laws that impose special obligations on Brazilian citizens. 
Brazilian minors age 17 years and under, including minors who have both Brazilian and American citizenship, are subject to strict exit requirements. Brazilian minors departing Brazil, if not accompanied by both parents, must prove that both parents authorize the departure. If accompanied by only one parent, the minor must have a notarized letter from the other parent indicating permission to depart the country, a court order proving that the accompanying parent has sole custody, or a Brazilian court order authorizing the child’s departure. If accompanied by neither parent, the minor must have a notarized letter from the parents authorizing departure or a Brazilian court order authorizing the same.
There are no exceptions, even in cases where one parent expected the child to remain in Brazil only a short time. The authorization must be notarized by a Brazilian notary to be considered valid by the Brazilian authorities. In the US, this can be done at the Brazilian Embassy in Washington, DC or at any Brazilian consulate. Note that children adopted from Brazil are still considered Brazilian citizens and must be documented as such should they return to Brazil.
Information about
dual nationality or the prevention of international child abduction can be found on our website. 
For further information about customs regulations, please read our
Customs Information Sheet.

Major Airports:

Airports:  4,276,  Airports with paved runways:  714

Rio de Janeiro-Galeao - Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport (GIG/SBGL) Galeão, RJ, Brazil
Av 20 de Janeiro S/No, Predio da Uac, 1 Andar, Ilha do Governador, CEP 21942-900 Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL
Tel: +55 (0)21 398-4597, +55 (0)21 3398 4526, +55 (0)21 3398 2155
Fax: +55 (0)21 393-2288, +55 (0)21 3398 4214
Email: carlos_henrique@infraero.gov.br
Website: www.infraero.gov.br

São Paulo - Congonhas International Airport (CGH/SBSP), Congonhas, SP, Brazil,
Av Washington Luiz s/n, Campo Belo, SP 04695-900 São Paulo, BRAZIL
Tel: +55 (0)11 5090-9000
Fax: +55 (0)11 5531-7718
Website: www.infraero.gov.br

São Paulo - Guarulhos International Airport (GRU/SBGR), Guarulhos, SP, Brazil
INFRAERO PO Box 3061, CEP 07141-970 Guarulhos, Sao Paulo, BRAZIL
Tel: +55 (0)11 6445-2375, +55 (0)11 6445-2945, (PR) +55 (0)11 6445-2256
Fax: +55 (0)11 6445-3743, +55 (0)11 6445-3173
Email: guarulhos@infraero.gov.br
Website: www.infraero.gov.br

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

Crime has reached very high levelsthroughout Brazil. Political and labor strikes and demonstrations occur sporadically in urban areas and may cause temporary disruption to public transportation. U.S. citizens traveling or residing in Brazil are advised to take common-sense precautions and avoid any large gatherings or any other event where crowds have congregated to demonstrate or protest. Colombian terrorist groups have been known to operate in the border areas of neighboring countries, and have perpetrated kidnappings of residents and tourists in those areas.  U.S. citizens traveling or residing in areas of Brazil near the Colombian border are urged to exercise caution.  U.S. citizens are urged to take care when visiting remote parts of the Amazon basin and to respect local laws and customs.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total:  27.62 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:  TOTAL 72.24 years (male 68.3/female 76.38)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: None
Recommended: Yellow Fever (if going to an endemnic area), Hep A & B, Malaria, Rabies, Typhoid
Boosters: DPT, MMR

Infectious Disease Concerns:

Malaria risk area in Brazil: States of Acre, Rondônia, Amapá, Amazonas, Roraima, and Tocantins. Parts of states of Maranhaõ (western part), Mato Grosso (northern part), and Pará (except Belem City). There is also transmission in urban areas, including large cities such as Porto Velho, Boa Vista, Macapa, Manaus, Santarem, and Maraba, where transmission occurs on the periphery of these cities.
Drugs to Prevent Malaria (antimalarial drugs)
If you will be visiting a malaria risk area in Brazil, you will need to take one of the following antimalarial drugs: atovaquone/proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine (primaquine in special circumstances and only after G6PD testing).
Note: Chloroquine is NOT an effective antimalarial drug in Brazil and should not be taken to prevent malaria in this region.
Dengue, filariasis, leishmaniasis, onchocerciasis, and American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease) are other diseases carried by insects that also occur in this region.Schistosomiasis, a parasitic infection that can be contracted in fresh water in South America, is found in Brazil, Suriname, and north-central Venezuela. Do not swim in fresh water (except in well-chlorinated swimming pools) in these countries. (For more information, please see Swimming and Recreational Water Safety.)

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Medical care is generally good, but it varies in quality, particularly in remote areas, and it may not meet U.S. standards outside the major cities.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 70
Referrals: 78
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

Epidemics of viral encephalitis and dengue fever occur in some countries in this area. Bartonellosis, or Oroya fever (a sand fly-borne disease), occurs in arid river valleys on the western slopes of the Andes up to 3,000 meters (9,842 feet).

Communications Info:

Country Calling Code:  +55
Internet Country Code:  .br


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