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Angola

Angola is a large, developing country in south-west central Africa. The capital city is Luanda. Portuguese, the official language, is widely spoken throughout the country. Despite its extensive oil and mineral reserves and arable land suitable for large-scale production of numerous crops, Angola has some of the world's lowest social development indicators. Development was severely restricted by a 27-year long civil war that broke out upon independence in 1975, and destroyed the majority of the country's infrastructure. Since the conflict's conclusion in 2002, the government has initiated extensive infrastructure reconstruction and development projects, and there are growing signs of economic recovery. However, Angola still faces challenges with its infrastructure and with providing government services, especially in basic social services, aviation and travel safety, accommodation availability and quality and communications. Facilities for tourism, particularly outside the capital of Luanda, are often rudimentary. 
Read the Department of State Background Notes on Angola for additional information.

Angola

   
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 COUNTRY OVERVIEW
Country Name: Angola
Continent: Africa
Capital City: Luanda
Boundary Countries:

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Zambia

Recommended Hospitals in Capital:

Clinica Sagrada Esperanca
Clinica Clidopa, Clinica Mutamba, Clinica Privado do Alvalade, South African Medical Clinic

Main Cities:

Luanda, Cabinda, Soyo, Ambriz, Porto Amboin, Lobito, Luena, Melanje, Huambo, Lubango

Country Size: 1,246,700 sq km
Population: 12,127,071

 

COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION
Language:

Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages

Currency: kwanza (AOA)
Predominant Religions:

Indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15%

National Holidays: Independence Day, 11 November (1975)
Economic Status:

Angola is a large, developing country in southern Africa. Throughout Angola there are growing signs of economic recovery.

Security:

Army, Navy (Marinha de Guerra or MdG), Air and Air Defense Forces (FANA)
17 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - two years plus time for training

US Presence:

U.S. Embassy Luanda
Rua Houari Boumedienne #32
Miramar, Luanda
P.O. Box 6468
Telephone: (244) 222-641-000, (244) 222-447-028, (244) 222-445-481, (244) 222-446-224;
Emergency after-hours telephone: (244) 222-641-000; (244) 923-640-154
Facsimile: (244) 222-641-259.

Document Requirements:

A passport and visa are required and must be obtained in advance. An International Certificate of Vaccination is required. Visitors should allow several weeks for the processing of their visa application. Angola does not issue airport visas. Persons arriving without visas are subject to arrest or exclusion. Travelers may also encounter delays if they do not have at least one completely blank visa page in their passports for entry stamps. As of November 1, 2007, Angola no longer requires travelers to have an exit visa. Travelers whose international immunization cards do not show inoculations against yellow fever within the past ten years may be subject to exclusion, on-the-spot vaccination, and/or heavy fines. Visitors remaining in Angola beyond their authorized visa duration are subject to fines and arrest. It is illegal to attempt to carry local currency out of Angola and persons found attempting to carry local currency out of Angola are subject to having this currency confiscated by customs officers. Current information on entry requirements may be obtained from the Embassy of Angola at 2100-2108 16th Street NW, Washington, DC, tel. (202) 785-1156, fax (202) 785-1258.

Major Airports:

Airports:  232,  Airports with paved runways:  31

Luanda - 4 de Fevereiro Airport (LAD/FNLU)
Luanda Airport, Angola, CP 841, Luanda, ANGOLA
Tel: +244 (0)2 352387, +244 (0)2 330791
Fax: +244 (0)2 393626
Customs, hours:  24 hours

Servicing Airlines:
Risks and Precautions:

The security situation in Angola has improved markedly since the end of the civil war; however, Americans should still exercise caution. Although the war has ended, ground travel throughout Angola is occasionally problematic due to land mines, which were used extensively during the war. Frequent checkpoints and poor infrastructure contribute to unsafe travel on roads outside of the city of Luanda. Police and military officials are sometimes undisciplined, but their authority should not be challenged. Travel in many parts of Luanda is relatively safe by day, but car doors should be locked, windows rolled up, and packages stored out of sight. Visitors should avoid travel after dark, and no travel should be undertaken on roads outside of cities after nightfall. Crime is a serious problem throughout the country. While most violent crime occurs between Angolans, foreigners have occasionally been attacked as well.

Mortality Statistics:

Infant MR total: 185.36 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth: TOTAL 38.62 years  (male 37.47/female 39.83)

Immunization Indicators:

Required: Yellow Fever
Recommended: Malaria, Hep A & B, Typhoid, MMR booster

Infectious Disease Concerns:

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) are high risks in some locations
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
water contact disease: schistosomiasis

Overall Quality of Medical Services:

Adequate medical facilities are rare except in Luanda, where there are some good private clinics that usually have a 24-hour service provided by a general practice physician and with specialists on call. Routine operations such as appendectomies can be performed.

Providers in Network:
Direct Payment: 2
Referrals: 41
View Network Providers
Recent Medical Threats/ Concerns/Warnings:

An outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever, a severe and often fatal disease, occurred in Uige province beginning in the spring of 2005; however, on November 7, 2005, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Angola and the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the Marburg outbreak in Angola ended.

Communications Info:

Country Calling Code:  +244

Internet Country Code:  .ao

 



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