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Syrian Arab Republic

Since March 1963, the Syrian Arab Republic has been ruled by an authoritarian regime dominated by the Socialist Ba'ath Party. While the ruling Ba'ath party espouses a largely secular ideology, Islamic traditions and beliefs provide a conservative foundation for the country's customs and practices.  Syria has a developing, centrally-planned economy with large public (30%), agricultural (25%), and industrial (20%) sectors. Tourist facilities are available, but vary in quality depending on price and location. Read the Department of State Background Note http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3580.htm on Syria for additional information.

Syrian Arab Republic

           
 

Image of Syrian Arab Republic
 COUNTRY OVERVIEW
Country Name: Syrian Arab Republic
Continent: Middle East
Capital City: Damascus
Boundary Countries:

Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey

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Main Cities: Damascus, Aleppo, Latakia, Hims
Country Size: 185,180 sq km
Population: 18,881,361

 

COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION
Language:

Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood

Currency: Syrian Pournd (SYP)
Predominant Religions:

Sunni Muslim 74%, Alawite, Druze, and other Muslim sects 16%, Christian (various sects) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo)

National Holidays: Independence Day, 17 April (1946)
Economic Status:

Syria has a developing, centrally-planned economy with large public (30%), agricultural (25%), and industrial (20%) sectors.

 

Security:

Syrian Armed Forces: Syrian Arab Army (includes Syrian Arab Navy), Syrian Arab Air and Air Defense Force (includes Air Defense Command)

US Presence:

Americans living or traveling in Syria are encouraged to register with the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate through the State Department's travel registration web site, and to obtain updated information on travel and security within Syria.  Americans without Internet access may register directly with the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate. By registering, American citizens make it easier for the Embassy or Consulate to contact them in case of emergency. The U.S. Embassy is located at 2 Al-Mansour St., Abu Roumaneh, Damascus. The international mailing address is PO Box 29, Damascus. Mail may also be sent via the U.S. Postal Service to: American Embassy Damascus, Department of State, Washington, DC  20521-6110. Telephone numbers are (963) (11) 3391-4444, fax number is (963)(11) 3391-3999, e-mail: acsdamascus@state.gov. The government workweek in Syria is Sunday through Thursday; the private sector generally works Saturday through Thursday. The U.S. Embassy is open Sunday through Thursday.  Additional information may be found on the Embassy web site at http://damascus.usembassy.gov.

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Major Airports:

Airports: 92,   Airports w/paved runways: 26

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