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Country Profile

Somalia

Since the collapse of the central government in 1991, Somalia has been subject to widespread violence and instability. A Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was established in 2004 to guide the country through a transitional process to result in a new constitution and elections, planned for 2009. However, the nascent TFG remains fragile and lacks the capacity to provide services inside Somalia. General insecurity and inter- and intra-clan violence frequently occur throughout the country, and attacks and fighting between anti-government elements and TFG and Ethiopian forces take place regularly in Mogadishu and in regions outside the capital. The United States has no official representation inside Somalia.
In 1991, the northwest part of the country proclaimed itself the Republic of Somaliland and maintains a separate regional governing authority; however, Somaliland has not received international recognition as an independent state. The northeastern section of Somalia, known as the semi-autonomous region of Puntland, has also made efforts to establish a regional governing authority but has not claimed independence. Somalia's economy was seriously damaged by the civil war and its aftermath, but the private sector is trying to reemerge. Tourist facilities are non-existent.  Read the Department of State
Background Notes on Somalia for additional information.

Somalia

           
 

Image of Somalia
 COUNTRY OVERVIEW
Country Name: Somalia
Continent: Africa
Capital City: Mogadishu
Boundary Countries: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya
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Main Cities: Mogadishu, Berbera, Garoowe, Galcaio, Boosaaso, Hargeysa, Baidoa, Merca, Kismaayo, Beledweyne
Country Size: 637,657 sq km
Population: 9,558,666

 

COUNTRY GENERAL INFORMATION
Language:

Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English

Currency: Somali Shilling (SOS)
Predominant Religions:

Sunni Muslim

National Holidays: Foundation of the Somali Republic, 1 July (1960); note - 26 June (1960) in Somaliland
Economic Status:

Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia has maintained a healthy informal economy, largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Agriculture is the most important sector, with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and about 65% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population.

Security:

no national-level armed forces

US Presence:

The U.S. Embassy in Djibouti is located at Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti City; telephone (253) 35-39-95. The after-hours telephone number is (253) 35-13-43. The mailing address is Ambassade Americaine, B.P. 185, Djibouti, Republique de Djibouti. The workweek in Djibouti is Sunday through Thursday. The U.S. Embassy in Nairobi is located on United Nations Avenue, Gigiri, Nairobi, Kenya; telephone (254)(20) 363-6000; fax (254) (20) 363-6410. In the event of an after-hours emergency, the Embassy duty officer is available at (254) (20) 363-6170. The Embassy's mailing address is P.O. Box 606 Village Market, 00621 Nairobi, Kenya, or mail using U.S. domestic postage may be addressed to Unit 64100, APO AE 09831, USA.

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Major Airports:

Airports: 67, Airports w/paved runways: 7

Mogadishu International Airport (MGQ/HCMM)
Mogadishu Airport, Somalia, PO Box 310, Mogadishu, SOMALIA
Tel: +252 80839, +252 80531

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